Naum Shusterman

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Naum Shusterman
Naum Shusterman Lt Colonel.jpg
Lieutenant Colonel Naum Shusterman
Personal details
Born Naum Semyonovich Shusterman
Наум Семенович Шустерман

(1912-08-18)18 August 1912
Kiev, Russian Empire
Died 25 April 1976 (aged 63)
Kiev, Ukraine, Soviet Union
Nationality Jewish
Profession Army Officer
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Army
Soviet Engineer Troops
Years of service 1932 - 1954
Rank Lieutenant colonel
Commands 43rd Soviet Fighter Aviation Regiment
Battles/wars Winter War, Great Patriotic War
Awards Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png
Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Order redstar rib.png Order redstar rib.png
Order redstar rib.png Order gpw1 rib.png Order gpw2 rib.png
CombatRibbon.png Defstalingrad.png Defcaucasus rib.png
Defkiev rib.png Caputureberlin rib.png Ribbon Medal For The Liberation Of Warsaw.png
Orderglory rib.png 20YearsServiceRibbon.gif 15YearsServiceRibbon.gif
10YearsServiceRibbon.gif 30 years saf rib.png 40 years saf rib.png
50 years saf rib.png 20 years of victory rib.png 30 years of victory rib.png
100 lenin rib.png

Naum Semyonovich Shusterman was a Lieutenant Colonel of the Soviet Union, who served as the Chief Engineer of the 43rd Soviet Fighter Aviation Regiment during the Great Patriotic War.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Shusterman was born on the 18th of August 1912, in Kiev, Ukraine, to parents Shendlya and Simeon Shusterman. He had four sisters.

Military Service[edit]

text
The aviation engineers of the Military Aviation Engineer Academy of Leningrad. Shusterman is in the second row from the top, second from the left.

At the age of 18, Shusterman attended the Military Aviation Engineer Academy of Leningrad. He remained there for three years, and learned numerous technicalities of military aircraft. In 1932, Shusterman enlisted in the 16th Aviation Army of the USSR, where he served as an Engineer of the 3rd rank.

Great Patriotic War[edit]

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43rd Fighter Aviation Regiment command, 1943. From left to right: Chief Engineer Maj. Naum S. Shusterman, Squadron Commander Maj. Semyon A. Lebedev, Regiment Commander Maj. Alexander A. Doroshenkov, Senior Pilot Alexander V. Kochetov, Commander of the 1st Squadron Lt. Spartak I. Makovskiy.

During the Winter War and the Great Patriotic War, Shusterman served as a Captain[1] and later as a Major, holding the position of Chief Engineer of the 43rd Soviet Fighter Aviation Regiment.[2][3] Serving all over the Eastern Front, he participated in the defense of Kiev, Stalingrad and Leningrad, in the liberation of Warsaw and in the capture of Berlin.[4] Shusterman became one of the few people who fought in the war from beginning to end.

Later Service and Discharge[edit]

In 1949, Shusterman was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.[5] He continued to serve as Chief Engineer until his discharge. Shusterman, aged 42, was honorably discharged from the Soviet Army in 1954 on account of illness. His discharge conditions gave him rights to wear his military uniform.

Death[edit]

Even though Shusterman attended the 30th Anniversary of Victory celebrations in Moscow in 1975, his health slowly began to deteriorate. He was admitted to the Kiev Military Hospital in February 1976, where he spent the final three months of his life. On the 25th of April 1976, Shusterman died of lung cancer. He was aged 63.

Personal life[edit]

Shusterman married Elizabeth Chernyak in 1934, and in 1936, they had their first son, Alexander. In 1937, Chernyak gave birth to twins, Arnold and Mikhail.

Awards and Decorations[edit]

text
The awarding document for Shusterman's Order of Lenin, translated into English. Fields filled in are in blue, questions are in red.
Shusterman has demonstrated excellence in the command of the technical regiment personnel, working tirelessly to ensure that the aged technical parts remain in good working order.

—Shusterman's award document for his Order of Lenin

Shusterman received seven Orders, seven campaign medals, three service medals and six jubilee medals during his military career and personal life. In 1939, he received his first Order of the Red Star. He received an Order of Lenin in 1941, and another Order of the Red Star in 1942-1943. He was also awarded the Order of the Patriotic War twice (one of each class), and received an Order of the Red Banner towards the end of the war. Shusterman received medals for his participation in the defence of Stalingrad, Kiev and the Caucasus, in the liberation of Warsaw and in the Capture of Berlin. He was also awarded the Medal for Battle Merit and the Medal for Victory.

List[edit]

References[edit]