Since 1954, studies concluded that the near-equatorial trough was associated with a maximum in oceanic sea surface temperature. It is sometimes used as a synonym for the terms near equatorial tradewind convergence, Intertropical convergence zone, and monsoon trough. Surges of higher pressure from high latitudes can enhance tropical disturbances along its axis. A pair of these troughs can occur during the Spring transition season.
- Air Force Combat Climatology Center. Hot Spots: Columbia. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
- C. S. Ramage. Structure of an Oceanic Near-Equatorial Trough Deduced From Research Aircraft Taverses. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
- C.-P. Chang, J.E. Erickson, and K.M. Lau. Northeasterly Cold Surges and Near-Equatorial Disturbances over the Winter MONEX Area during December 1974. Part I: Synoptic Aspects. Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
- U. S. Navy. 6.0 SPRING TRANSITION (APR-MAY). Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
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