Neleus

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To be distinguished from Neleus of Scepsis.

Neleus (/ˈnliəs, ˈnljuːs/; Greek: Νηλεύς) was the son of Poseidon and Tyro and brother of Pelias. Tyro was married to Cretheus (with whom she had three sons, Aeson, Pheres, and Amythaon), though she loved Enipeus, a river god. She pursued Enipeus, who refused her advances.

One day, Poseidon, filled with lust for Tyro, disguised himself as Enipeus. From their union were born Pelias and Neleus, twin boys. Tyro exposed her sons on a mountain, but they were found and raised by a maid.

When they reached adulthood, Pelias and Neleus found their mother Tyro and then killed her stepmother, Sidero, for having mistreated her. Sidero tried to hide in a temple to Hera but Pelias killed her anyway, earning himself Hera's undying hatred. Neleus and Pelias then fought for the crown, and Neleus was banished to Messenia, becoming King of Pylos.

With Chloris, Neleus was the father of Pero, Periclymenus, Alastor and Nestor. Heracles later asked Neleus to cleanse him of a blood-debt, but was refused and killed Neleus and his sons, except for Nestor.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 2.689.

Further reading[edit]

  • Douglas Frame 2009: Hippota Nestor: Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies
  • Douglas Frame 1978: The Myth of Return in Early Greek Epic, New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Keith Dickson 1995: Nestor: Poetic Memory in Greek Epic: NY: Garland Publishers.
  • Keith Dickson 1993: "Nestor Among the Sirens," Oral Tradition 8/1: 21-58.
  • Richard R. Martin 2012: Review of Douglas Frame Hippota Nestor 2009 in American Journal of Philology (AJP) 133.4 (Winter 2012): 687-692
  • Hanna Roisman 2005: "Nestor the Good Counselor," Classical Quarterly 55: 17-38 doi:10.1093/cq/bmi002
  • Victoria Pedrick 1983: :The Paradignatic Nature of Nestor's Speech,: Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Assn. (TAPA) 113: 55-68.
  • R.M. Frazer 1971: “Nestor’s Generations, Iliad 2.250-2” Glotta 49:216-8;
  • V.C. Mathews 1987: “Kaukonian Dyme: Antimachus fr.27-8 and the text of Homer,” Eranos 85: 91-7.
  • Jack L. Davis (ed) 1998: Sandy Pylos: An Archaeological History from Nestor to Navarino. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • William G. Loy 1970: Land of Nestor: A Physical Geography of the Southwest Peloponnesos: Washington, DC. National Academy of Sciences.
  • Carl Blegen and Marion Rawson (ed) 1966: Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia for University of Cincinnati by Princeton University Press.