Neville Henry Peniston Cayley (1853–1903) was an Australian artist. He was born in Dover in south-east England, and migrated to Australia with his family around 1882. Through his meticulous and attractive watercolours of iconic species, he contributed greatly to public awareness of Australian birds. He was the father of Neville William Cayley, the noted ornithologist and bird artist. He always signed his paintings "Neville Cayley" whereas his son signed as "Neville W Cayley".