New Railway Station, Thessaloniki

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Νέος Σιδηροδρομικός Σταθμός Θεσσαλονίκης
New Railway Station of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki train station.jpg
The main entrance of the station
Station statistics
Address 28 Monastiriou Street
Thessaloniki, Greece
Coordinates 40°38′40″N 22°55′46″E / 40.64444°N 22.92944°E / 40.64444; 22.92944Coordinates: 40°38′40″N 22°55′46″E / 40.64444°N 22.92944°E / 40.64444; 22.92944
Line(s) Thessaloniki–Bitola railway and
Thessaloniki–Svilengrad railway[1]
Structure type At Grade
Platforms 6
Tracks 9
Other information
Opened 12 June 1961 (Intercity)
9 September 2007 (Proastiakos)
Owned by TrainOSE
Services
Preceding station   OSE-Logo.svg Proastiakos   Following station
Terminus TrainOSE
toward Larissa
Terminus TrainOSE
toward Florina
Preceding station   TrainOSE   Following station
toward Athens
TrainOSE Terminus
Terminus TrainOSE

The New Railway Station of Thessaloniki (Greek: Νέος Σιδηροδρομικός Σταθμός Θεσσαλονίκης, Neos Sidirodromikos Stathmos Thessalonikis) is the central passenger railway station of Thessaloniki, Greece. Inaugurated in 12 June 1961,[2] the passenger station replaced the old and much smaller passenger station which now handles the city's cargo rail, hence the name "new railway station" which has stayed on since. Although unchanged since the 1960s, it remains the largest and busiest railway station built in Greece.

The New Railway Station currently features large waiting areas, a central hall, cafes, restaurants and a shopping center. Discussions are underway for the expansion of the station and a general overhaul, which will also include a hotel and a revamp of the central offices of the Hellenic Railways Organization for northern Greece.[3] A metro station is currently also under construction at the station.

History

The passenger station started construction during the 1930s following an international architectural design competition that was carried out at the time and won by German architect Hans Kleinschmidt. His complete designs were never realised as they were later changed by other architects, but formed the base for what the station would look like. The main concrete shell of the building was completed before the Second World War, but construction was halted when Greece entered the war. Although the building was bombed throughout the early 1940s, it did not sustain heavy damage.

Following the war, the station saw no development for over 20 years. In 1958 the project for the completion of the station was handed over to Greek architects Molfesi and Papagianni, who made changes to the original design by Kleinschmidt, and the project was finally completed and handed over to the public three years later, in 1961. The station has remained largely unchanged since that time, although minor additions have occurred, such as the construction of a shopping center adjacent to the waiting hall and the installation of escalators for access to the platforms. The most recent addition to the station is the construction of a metro station that is to form part of the New Railway Station complex.

In February 2011, the station suffered a loss of importance given the suspension of all rail links to international destinations. In 2014, however, international connections were partially restored with twice-daily trains to Sofia, and the reinstatement of the over-night train to Skopje and Belgrade.[4] The Filia Express to Istanbul remained suspended.

Future

Apart from the creation of a subway station, the Hellenic Railways Organization, which owns the New Railway Station, has announced its intentions to give a general overhaul to the station. The plans will include the creation of a 150-bed hotel and regional offices of the Hellenic Railways Organization. Until now, no official statement has been given on the matter.

Services

Previous station National services Next station
Terminus Proastiakos commuter rail:
Thessaloniki-Larissa
Sindos
towards: Larissa
Terminus Proastiakos commuter rail
Thessaloniki-Edessa-Florina
Sindos
towards: Florina
Terminus TrainOSE InterCity rail:
Thessaloniki-Athens
Platy
towards: Athens
Terminus TrainOSE:
Thessaloniki-Alexandroupoli
Filadelfeia
towards: Alexandroupoli
Terminus TrainOSE:
Thessaloniki-Kalampaka
Sindos
towards: Kalampaka
Previous station International services Next station
Terminus TrainOSE/BDZ:
Thessaloniki-Sofia
Kilkis
towards: Sofia
Terminus TrainOSE//SR:
Thessaloniki-Skopje-Belgrade
Polykastro
towards: Belgrade
Previous station Suspended services Next station
Terminus TrainOSE/TCDD:
Thessaloniki-Istanbul
(Friendship Express)
Kilkis
towards: Istanbul

Transportation

Thessaloniki Bus Route No. 78N
BSicon BUS.svg Macedonia InterCity Bus Terminal (KTEL)
Intermediate stations
Gefyra
Omospondia
Oryzomyloi
Michanourgeio O.S.E.
Vosporos
Mpalta
Koleti
Strofi Eptalofou
Agion Panton
BSicon LDER.svg New Railway Station
Zografou
Kolomvou
Antigonidon
Alkazar — Plateia Aristotelous
Plateia Aristotelous — Mitropolitou Gennadiou
Agias Sofias
Iasonidou
Kamara
Sintrivani
AHEPA
Panepistimio Makedonias
Mouseio Vyzantinou Politismou
Dimarhiako Megaro
Intermediate stations
Evzonon — 424 Stratiotiko Nosokomeio
Faliro — Theageneio
Scholi Tyflon — Ippokrateio
Laografiko Mouseio — Dimitriou Mitropoulou
Mpotsari
Analipsi — Mpotsari
Georgiou — Vrysaki
25is Martiou
Gefyra — Voulgari
Agios Eleftherios
Perifereiaki Enotita Thessalonikis
Vyzantio
Krikela — Aigaiou
Periptero — Krikela
Agios Panteleimon
Stratopedo — Stratopedo 1
Stratopedo 2
Nosokomeio Agios Pavlos
Amaxostasio
Agora
Pronoia
Loumidi
Kalamari
VIAMYL
SASTH
IKEA
Emporiko Kentro
Polyfota
Georgiki Scholi
Astynomia
BSicon FLUG.svg Macedonia International Airport - Departures
BSicon FLUG.svg Macedonia International Airport - Arrivals

Currently the only means of transportation to and from the New Railway Station are the public bus services of the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH) and by hiring a private taxi. Line 78 of OASTH connects the railway station with Macedonia InterCity Bus Terminal (KTEL) and Macedonia International Airport. A Thessaloniki Metro station is currently under construction at the New Railway Station, which upon completion, will connect the train station with the city's metro network. The subway station is set to open in 2014.

The station provides minimal parking space, although two new underground parking facilities, with four floors each are currently under construction as part of the Thessaloniki Metro project. When completed, they will provide parking space for 450 and 600 cars respectively, with a total capacity of 1050 cars.[5]

See also

References