Nikolai Baskakov

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Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov
Baskakov-Nikolai-Nikolaevich-bask bw.jpg
Born May 8, 1918
Astrakhan, Soviet Russia
Died October 14, 1993
Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nationality Russian
Education Repin Institute of Arts
Known for Painting
Movement Realism

Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Баска́ков; May 8, 1918, Astrakhan, Soviet Russia – October 14, 1993, Saint Petersburg, Russia) - Soviet, Russian painter, a member of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists (before 1992 known as the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation),[1] lived and worked in Leningrad, regarded as one of the leading representatives of the Leningrad school of painting,[2] most famous for his genre and portrait painting.

Biography[edit]

Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov was born May 8, 1918 in a village seven kilometers from the Astrakhan city on the Volga River. His father, Nikolai Evlampievich Baskakov was a carpenter, his mother Evdokiya Vasilievna was a household and raising children - nine sons and two daughters.

In 1933–1939 Baskakov studied of the famous Russian art educator Pavel Alekseevich Vlasov in Astrakhan Art School. In 1939 he was drafted into the Red Army. He served in the Far East. There in 1943 year in the first time he participated in the exhibition, his work "Khabarovsk, the year 1942" among of thirty-eight works of artists of Khabarovsk has been shown at an exhibition in Moscow.[3]

In 1945 Nikolai Baskakov comes to Leningrad and entered at the Department of Painting of the Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, where he studied of Leonid Ovsannikov, Boris Fogel, Genrikh Pavlovsky, and Alexander Zaytsev.

In 1951 Nikolai Baskakov graduated from Ilya Repin Institute in Boris Ioganson workshop together with Alexei Eriomin, Mikhail Kaneev, Maya Kopitseva, Anatoli Levitin, Avenir Parkhomenko, Arseny Semionov, Mikhail Trufanov, Boris Ugarov, and other young artists. His graduation work was historical painting "Lenin and Stalin in Smolny".[4]

Since 1951 Baskakov was a permanent exhibitor of the Leningrad Art exhibitions, where he showed his work among with works by the leading masters of fine arts of Leningrad. He painted battle and historical paintings, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes, sketchs from the life. Baskakov worked in the technique of oil painting and drawing. In the same year together with artists Grigory Chepets and Mikhail Trufanov he performed his first large order - the painting "Presenting of the Order of Lenin to the Kirov factory", for which he was admitted as a member of the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists.[5]

In 1950-1960s Baskakov also created paintings "On a floating fish factory"[6] (1954), "A Winter" (1955), "Masha"[7] (1956), the "A Letter"[8] (1957), "On the River"[9] (1958), "Grandma and granddaughter",[10] "A Teacher", "Summer"[11] (all 1960), "Pig farm workers", "Chiefs on the farm"[12] (both 1961), "Plasterers"[13] (1964), and others. Notable among these are the paintings, which dates back to the dramatic events of wartime. Baskakov creates images filled with deep domestic drama, among them paintings "Music"[14] (1957), "During the war",[15] (1967), "On the Russian land"[16] (1968), "A Victory" (1974), "Conversation with son", "Day of Victory" (both 1980).

Over the years, Baskakov turned to the image of Lenin. First of all he wanted to create image of the man who took upon himself the enormous responsibility for the fate of the country in dramatic moments in her history. In 1956 Baskakov created the painting "Lenin in the Gorki",[17] where Lenin was depicted sitting in a chair on a summer day in the garden. The same author's approach is seen in large genre painting "Lenin in the Kremlin"[18] (1960). Later Baskakov created the paintings "Lenin on vacation" (1970) and "On New Year's celebration in Gorky"[19] (1972).

Baskakov gained fame also as a portraitist. Among his the best known works created in this genre were "Guitarist"[20] (1949), "Portrait of a Mother" (1955), "Portrait of a tractor driver" (1956), "Portrait of a Fisherman" (1959), "The Son of a shepherd" (1962), "Girl with willows" (1967), a large series of portraits of the workers of the Kirov factory, created in 1960–1980 years, "Schoolgirl", "Hunter Grisha Eriomin"[21] (both 1971), "Grandma with the grandchildren"[22] (1972), "The guy from Dudinka", "Old Nganasanka"[23] (both 1973), "A worker Fadeev with pupils",[24] "Collective Farm keeper Mitrich"[25] (both 1975), "Portrait of an old Uzbek woman"[26] (1977), "Sisters" (1979), "Portrait of a welder"[27] (1980), "Portrait of Vasily Shukshin",[28] "Portrait of the Artist" (both 1984), "A Group portrait of Kirov factory workers" (1985), "A Portrait of the poet Nikolai Rubtsov" (1988), and others.

For the art of Nikolai Baskakov typical appeal to the themes of large public sound and to the image of a contemporary, disclosed in a picture-portrait. He was most known for his impressive portraits of contemporaries painted in realistic style.

The West discovered the art of Nicholas Baskakov in 1989, when his portraits and genre paintings were first shown in Paris at the auctions of the Leningrad school artists. Subsequently many of his works were acquired by American private collections.[29]

In 1991 Saint Petersburg publishing house "Khudozhnik RSFSR" issued a monograph by V. Kirillov, devoted to creation of Nikolai Baskakov.[30] Nikolai Baskakov was elected a full member of Peter's Academy of Sciences and Arts.[31] In 1989-1992 his paintings were exhibited in France on auctions of Russian paintings L'Ecole de Leningrad[32] and others.[33]

Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov died on October 14, 1993, in Saint Petersburg at the seventy-six year of life. His paintings reside in State Russian Museum, in Art museums and private collections in the Russia,[34] Japan, in the U.S.,[35] Germane, England, France,[36] and other countries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Directory of Members of the Union of Artists of USSR. Vol. 1. Moscow, Soviet artist, 1979. P.98.
  2. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School. Saint Petersburg, NP-Print Edition, 2007. P.9, 20, 24, 357, 388-401, 403-406, 439.
  3. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. P.11.
  4. ^ Anniversary Directory graduates of Saint Petersburg State Academic Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture named after Ilya Repin, Russian Academy of Arts. 1915 - 2005. - Saint Petersburg: Pervotsvet Publishing House, 2007. p. 64.
  5. ^ Directory of members of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1987. P.11.
  6. ^ Весенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1954 года. Каталог. Л., Изогиз, 1954. С.8.
  7. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников. 1956 года. Каталог. Л., Ленинградский художник, 1958. C.6.
  8. ^ 1917 — 1957. Выставка произведений ленинградских художников. Каталог. — Л: Ленинградский художник, 1958. C.9.
  9. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1958 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1959. — с.7.
  10. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1960 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1963. — с.7.
  11. ^ Осенняя выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1962 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1962. — с.8.
  12. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1961 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1964. — с.9.
  13. ^ Ленинград. Зональная выставка. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1965. — с.10.
  14. ^ Всесоюзная художественная выставка, посвященная 40-летию Великой Октябрьской социалистической революции. Каталог. — М: Советский художник, 1957. — с.11.
  15. ^ Советская Россия. Третья Республиканская художественная выставка. Каталог. М., Министерство культуры РСФСР, 1967. C.19.
  16. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. P.56-57.
  17. ^ Изобразительное искусство Ленинграда. Каталог выставки. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1976. — с.14.
  18. ^ Nikolai Baskakov. Lenin in Kremlin // 80 years of the Saint Petersburg Union of Artists. The Anniversary Exhibition. Saint Petersburg, 2012. P.203.
  19. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. P.16.
  20. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. P.15.
  21. ^ Наш современник. Третья выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1973 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1974. С.7.
  22. ^ Наш современник. Вторая выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1972 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1973. — с.5.
  23. ^ Наш современник. Зональная выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1975 года. Каталог. Л., Художник РСФСР, 1980. С.12.
  24. ^ Художник. 1976, № 2. С.16.
  25. ^ Портрет современника. Пятая выставка произведений ленинградских художников. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1983. — с.6.
  26. ^ Выставка произведений ленинградских художников, посвященная 60-летию Великого Октября. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1982. — с.12.
  27. ^ Зональная выставка произведений ленинградских художников 1980 года. Каталог. — Л: Художник РСФСР, 1983. — с.10.
  28. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. P.77.
  29. ^ Vern G. Swanson. Soviet Impressionism. - Woodbridge, England: Antique Collectors' Club, 2001. - pp. 186-188.
  30. ^ Vianor A. Kirillov. Nikolai Nikolaevich Baskakov. - Leningrad: Khudozhnik RSFSR, 1991. - 104 p.
  31. ^ Artists of Peter's Academy of Arts and Sciences. - Saint Petersburg: Ladoga Edition, 2008. P.22–23.
  32. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Auction Catalogue. - Paris: Drouot Richelieu, 25 Novembre 1991. P.24-29.
  33. ^ Charmes Russes. Auction Catalogue. Paris, Drouot Richelieu. 1991, 15 Mai. P.48-51.
  34. ^ Sergei V. Ivanov. Unknown Socialist Realism. The Leningrad School.- Saint Petersburg: NP-Print Edition, 2007. - c.6-7.
  35. ^ Vern G. Swanson. Soviet Impressionism. - Woodbridge, England: Antique Collectors' Club, 2001. - pp.186–188. ISBN 1-85149-280-1, ISBN 978-1-85149-280-0.
  36. ^ L' Ecole de Leningrad. Auction Catalogue. - Paris: Drouot Richelieu, 21 Decembre 1990. - p.74-77.

Gallery[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

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