Niles Charter Township, Michigan
|Niles Charter Township, Michigan|
|Motto: "The Township with a Historical Past"|
|• Total||38.4 sq mi (99.4 km2)|
|• Land||37.3 sq mi (96.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|Elevation||745 ft (227 m)|
|• Density||380/sq mi (146.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1626807|
The city of Niles lies mostly within the boundaries of township, but is administratively autonomous. There are no other incorporated municipalities in the township. Much of the township is considered to be part of either the Niles urban area or the South Bend, Indiana, urban area.
Bertrand is an unincorporated community in the southern part of the township at  on the St. Joseph River approximately 4 miles (6 km) south of Niles. Joseph Bertrand, a French Canadian, had a trading post here by 1812. He had married the daughter of a Potawatomi chief and through her had acquired land. After the Potowatomi ceded their lands to the federal government with the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, Daniel G. Garnsey obtained the permission of U.S. President Andrew Jackson and the consent of Mrs. Bertrand to locate a village on her land. Alonzo Bennett platted the village of Bertrand in 1833 and became its first postmaster on June 9, 1834. The town was a stop on the Detroit-Chicago road. In 1844, the Sisters of the Holy Cross founded their first convent in the United States here. The town gradually declined after it was by-passed by railroads. The post office closed on April 15, 1901.  
The township is irregularly-shaped, with a southern appendage consisting of a small portion of land lying between the St. Joseph River on the west and Cass County on the east and the Indiana state line to the south.
Bertrand Township lies to the west and south, Buchanan Township to the west, and Berrien Township to the north. Neighboring townships in Cass County are Pokagon Township to the northeast, Howard Township to the east, and Milton Township to the southeast. To the south in St. Joseph County, Indiana, is Clay Township, and German Township is to the southwest.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Niles Charter Township has a total area of 38.4 square miles (99.4 km2), of which 37.3 square miles (96.6 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), or 2.79%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,325 people, 5,252 households, and 3,744 families residing in the township. The population density was 353.5 per square mile (136.5/km²). There were 5,522 housing units at an average density of 146.5 per square mile (56.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.30% White, 3.03% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.
There were 5,252 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $37,794, and the median income for a family was $44,446. Males had a median income of $35,037 versus $22,901 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,249. About 7.1% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Niles Charter Township, Michigan
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Niles township, Berrien County, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "Now, it's Niles Charter Township". South Bend Tribune. 2006-06-06.
- Hamilton, Andy (2006-06-06). "Niles Township adds charter to its title". Niles Daily Star.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bertrand
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bertrand Post Office (historical)
- Romig, Walter (1986) . Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- Bertrand, Michigan Historical Markers