Nochistlán de Mejía Municipality

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nochistlán de Mejía
Nochistlán
Municipality
Location of Nochistlán within Zacatecas and Mexico
Location of Nochistlán within Zacatecas and Mexico
Coordinates: 21°48′03″N 102°45′57″W / 21.80083°N 102.76583°W / 21.80083; -102.76583
Country  Mexico
State Zacatecas Zacatecas
Municipal seat Nochistlán de Mejía
Largest City Nochistlán
Villa de Guadalajara (When settled by Spaniards) December 3, 1531[1]
Founded Municipality 1825
Heroic defense against the French May 13, 1864
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Municipal President Fernando González Sánchez
Area
 • Total 877.05 km2 (338.63 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 27,932
 • Density 31.8/km2 (82/sq mi)
 • Largest City 16,562
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal Code 99900-99919
Area code(s) 346
Website www.nochistlan-zacatecas.gob.mx

Nochistlán is one of the 58 municipalities in the Mexican state of Zacatecas. Founded by the Caxcanes, it was also the first site of Guadalajara in Mexico.

Population[edit]

In the 2005 census, the Municipality of Nochistlán reported a population of 26,195.[2] Of these, 15,322 lived in the municipal seat, Nochistlán, and the remainder lived in surrounding rural communities.

History[edit]

The first news that we have regarding the natives of these lands points to the Tecuexes. These people settled in the region around 1000 A.D. Later, in the 12th century, a new group of people called the Caxcanes moved in, they were from the valley in Tuitlán, which is now found in the Municipality of Villanueva, Zacatecas. The Caxcanes established Nochistlán by driving out the Tecuexes by force.

On December 3, 1531, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán hired Cristobal de Oñate to establish a village in Nochistlán, (now a town in Zacatecas) the village would be named Guadalajara in honor of Guzmán for his birth in Guadalajara. Guadalajara was founded in Nochistlán on January 5, having as officials Oñate, Sancho Ortiz de Zuñiga and Miguel de Ibarra. They worked at this project for only 16 months and created the first layout of Guadalajara.

Location[edit]

  • Latitude - 21°48'03" N
  • Longitude - 102°45'57" W
  • Population 26,195

Coordinates: 21°48′N 102°46′W / 21.800°N 102.767°W / 21.800; -102.767

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nochistlán Website's History Page
  2. ^ Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática

External links[edit]