Nomadic tribes in India
The Nomadic Tribes and Denotified Tribes consist of about 60 million in India, out of which about five million live in the state of Maharashtra. There are 315 Nomadic Tribes and 198 Denotified Tribes.
The large section of these tribes is known as vimukta jatis or 'ex-criminal castes' because they were branded as criminals by birth under the act Criminal Tribes Act 1871, enacted by British rule in India.
After independence of India, this act was repealed by Government of India in 1952. In Maharashtra, they have not been included in the list of Scheduled Tribes because of some historical circumstances, but are listed as Scheduled Castes or "Nomadic Tribes". The tribes designated as "Denotified", "Nomadic" or "Semi-Nomadic" are eligible for reservation in India.
The Government of India established the National Commission for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi Nomadic tribes in 2005 to study developmental aspects of such tribes.
- National Commission for denotified, Nomadic & Semi-nomadic Tribes, Official website Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
- "Jaisalmer Ayo! Gateway of the Gypsies" sheds light on the lifestyle, culture and politics of nomadic life in Rajasthan as it follows
a group of snake charmers, storytellers, musicians, artists and blacksmiths as they make their way across the Thar Desert to Jaisalmer.
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