Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990
|Long title||To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to prescribe nutrition labeling for foods, and for other purposes.|
|Acronyms (colloquial)||NLE Act, "NL&E Act"|
|Enacted by||the 101st United States Congress|
|Effective||November 8, 1990|
|Statutes at Large||104 Stat. 2353|
|Acts amended||Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act|
|Titles amended||21 U.S.C.: Food and Drugs|
|U.S.C. sections amended||Chapter 9 § 301|
|United States Supreme Court cases|
|New York State Restaurant Association v. New York City Board of Health|
The law gives the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authority to require nutrition labeling of most foods regulated by the Agency; and to require that all nutrient content claims (for example, 'high fiber', 'low fat', etc.) and health claims meet FDA regulations. The act did not require restaurants to comply with the same standards.
The regulations became effective for health claims, ingredient declarations, and percent juice labeling on May 8, 1993 (but percent juice labeling was exempted until May 8, 1994).
Effective Jan. 1, 2006, the Nutrition Facts Labels on packaged food products are required by the FDA to list how many grams of trans fatty acid (trans fat) are contained within one serving of the product.
Dietary Supplement Act of 1992
Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah introduced the Health Freedom Act of 1992 which would have blocked the FDA from using health claims as a reason to regulate dietary supplements as drugs. The senator said he "entered the controversy after hearing from constituents in his home state, including both consumers and makers of dietary supplements". Hatch stated that the FDA "can put anybody out of business if they want to." Hatch's bill did not get very far, but it encouraged Congress to pass the Dietary Supplement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-571), which blocked the FDA from applying its forthcoming labeling rules for conventional foods to dietary supplements for another year, until the end of 1993.
- "Nutrition Labeling AHA Advocacy Position". American Heart Association.
- "Nutritional Labeling". United States Food and Drug Administration.
- Nestle, Marion (2002). Food Politics. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-24067-7. p. 255
- Williams, Lena (August 9, 1992). "F.D.A. Steps Up Effort to Control Vitamin Claims". New York Times. Source of quotes.
- Miller, Susan Katz (August 7, 1993). "The return of the medicine show". New Scientist.
- Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994
- Food Guide Pyramid
- New York State Restaurant Association v. New York City Board of Health
- "Food Additives & Ingredients". Ingredients, Packaging & Labeling. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
- "Label Claims". Ingredients, Packaging & Labeling. Labeling & Nutrition. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
- "Labeling & Nutrition". Ingredients, Packaging & Labeling. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
- "Nutrition Facts Label Programs & Materials". Ingredients, Packaging & Labeling. Labeling & Nutrition. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
- Nutritional Health Alliance v. Shalala, 953 F.Supp. 526 (S.D.N.Y., 1997) Challenge, on First Amendment grounds, the NLEA framework requiring advanced FDA authorization for health claims made on vitamin labels.