Oddar Meanchey Province

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Oddar Meanchey
ឧត្ដរមានជ័យ , อุดรมีชัย
Province
Street in Samraong
Street in Samraong
Map of Cambodia highlighting Oddar Meanchey
Map of Cambodia highlighting Oddar Meanchey
Coordinates: 14°10′N 103°30′E / 14.167°N 103.500°E / 14.167; 103.500Coordinates: 14°10′N 103°30′E / 14.167°N 103.500°E / 14.167; 103.500
Country  Cambodia
Capital Samraong
Government
 • Governor Sar Thavy
Area
 • Total 6,158 km2 (2,378 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 185,443
 • Density 30/km2 (78/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+07
Dialing code +855
ISO 3166 code KH-22
Districts 5

Oddar Meanchey, or Thai: Udon Michai (Khmer: ឧត្ដរមានជ័យ IPA: [ʔutdɑː miən cɨj], Thai: อุดรมีชัย "Victorious Northwest") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia located in the remote northwest. It borders the provinces of Banteay Meanchey to the east, Siem Reap to the south and Preah Vihear to the east. Its long northern boundary demarcates part of Cambodia's international border with Thailand. The capital is Samraong town.

Etymology[edit]

Oddar Meanchey means "Victorious Northwest".[citation needed] The province's name is of Sanskrit origin through Pali and is derived from the words "uttarā" (उत्तर), meaning "upper, north, left side" (i.e. Northwest), and "jaya" (जय) which means "victory".[citation needed] Khmer "Mean" (មាន) or Thai "Mi" (มี) are the words for "to have".

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province is subdivided into 5 districts.

  1. Anlong Veng
  2. Banteay Ampil
  3. Chong Kal
  4. Samraong
  5. Trapeang Prasat

Ecology[edit]

The territory of this province is located in the Dângrêk Mountains. There is a serious problem of deforestation in the area.[2] However, the first community-based mosaic REDD+ project in Asia was awarded Verified Carbon Standard and Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standard validation for its forest conservation work in the province.[3] Forest fires are common in the dry forest and there is much illegal logging as a result of economic land concessions and migrant forest encroachment.[4]

Services[edit]

Only a few households in Oddar Meancheay have access to electricity.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The mountainous and forested area that now makes up Oddar Meancheay Province was part of Siamese province of Inner Cambodia from 1795-1907. After Inner Cambodia was returned to Cambodia in 1907, King Sisowath split the province into Battambang and Siem Reap (Oddar Meanchey was included with Siem Reap). Following the Franco-Thai War from 1941-1946 the province was under Siamese administration as Phibunsongkhram Province.[5] The province was returned to Cambodian rule in 1946 following French diplomatic efforts at the end of World War II. The province was officially organized in 1966.[citation needed] During the Cambodian Civil War, the remote area was used as a base by the Khmer Rouge when they fought against the Khmer Republic led by general Lon Nol.[citation needed]

The Khmer Rouge rebuilt their former bases in the Dangrek mountain range area, along the border with Thailand and made Anlong Veng their main "capital" from 1989 till 1997. Oddar Meanchey Province is one of the most landmine-ridden areas in Cambodia.[6]

References[edit]