Operation Corona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a RAF 1943 operation. For Polish resistance 1942 operation, see Operation Wieniec.

Operation 'Corona' was a RAF initiative to confuse German night fighters during RAF bomber raids on German cities during World War II. Native German speakers impersonated German Air Defence officers. They initiated communications via radio with German nightfighter pilots and countermanded previously given orders, thus reducing the efficiency of German air defence.

The operation was first launched during the attack on the German industrial center of Kassel on the night of 22 October to 23 October 1943 in which 90% of the city was burned, leaving 10,000 dead and 150,000 homeless.

Operation 'Corona' was made possible by the Jewish diaspora when many people, mostly Jews, fled Nazi-Germany to England. These people were very valuable to RAF Bomber Command, since between them they natively spoke any German accent and hence were capable of countermanding the orders given from the senior officers in the Air Defence headquarters, and so could redirect the nightfighters to other targets or give them orders to land immediately at an airbase.

When confronted with Corona personnel countermanding genuine German orders the Luftwaffe responded by replacing male fighter controllers with female ones. The British counter-moved by then using Women's Auxiliary Air Force personnel.

See also[edit]