In World War II, Operation Harpune was the major German deception plan of 1941. This operation (like Operation Haifisch) portrayed the so-called Operation Seelowe ("Sealion") as inevitable, to conceal preparations for the invasion of the Soviet Union, called Operation Barbarossa. Harpune had two parts, Harpune Süd (Harpoon South) operated from Norway, Denmark, and France, while Harpune Nord (Harpoon North) did the same in Norway.
- AOK Norwegen, Ia, Nr. 6/41, Operationsbefehl Nr. 1 für die Vorbereitung der Unternehmung 'Harpune,' in Tätigkeitsberichte für Monat Mai. AOK 20 12564/7 in Ziemke, Earl F., The German Northern Theater of Operations 1940-1945, Washington DC, US Government Printing Office, 1959, 138
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