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Missionary District of PEARUSA
Ecclesiastical province Anglican Church of Rwanda/Anglican Church in North America
Parishes 66[1]
Rite Anglican
Current leadership
Bishop The Most Rev. Onesphore Rwaje, Archbishop
The Rt. Rev. Steve Breedlove, Presider
Official website

The PEARUSA is the North American missionary district of the Anglican Church of Rwanda. It takes the first part of its name from the acronym for the Rwandan church's official French name (Province de l'Eglise Anglicane au Rwanda, or PEAR). PEARUSA is also a sub-jurisdiction of the Anglican Church in North America (ACNA).


From 2000 to 2011, the Anglican Church in Rwanda provided canonical residence and oversight for the Anglican Mission in the Americas (AMIA). By December 2011, the relationship between the Rwandan House of Bishops and the AMIA Council of Bishops had deteriorated over concerns about vision, long-term plans, and financial transparency. That month, the Rwandan House of Bishops, led by Archbishop Onesphore Rwaje, requested repentance from AMIA chairman Chuck Murphy.[2] On December 5, Murphy and all but two of the other AMIA bishops resigned their orders in PEAR. Murphy retained control of AMIA, which no longer had an affiliation with an Anglican province.[3]

In January 2012, Rwaje, other Rwandan bishops, and the two former AMIA bishops who had not resigned, convened an assembly to explore what would be done next. ACNA Archbishop Robert Duncan attended, and it was determined that both the Rwandan Church and ACNA would work together to accommodate parishes that would seek to be received directly into an existing ACNA diocese, as well as to create a new missionary district that would have canonical "dual citizenship" between ACNA and PEAR and would be called PEARUSA.[4] In this way, PEARUSA is similar to the Convocation of Anglicans in North America, which has dual canonical residence in ACNA and the Church of Nigeria.

In June 2012, ACNA formally received PEARUSA as a sub-jurisdiction.[5] At two subsequent gatherings in 2012, PEARUSA formalized its canons, arranged its parishes into regional networks, and selected future network leaders.[6][7]


PEARUSA subscribes to the Jerusalem Declaration made at the 2008 Global Anglican Future Conference; the Nicene, Apostles', Athanasian, and Chalcedonian creeds; and the 39 Articles of Religion.[8] It upholds the 1662 Book of Common Prayer as the standard for faith and practice, although it offers member parishes flexibility in determining liturgical arrangements. PEARUSA is characterized by the reformed theology of the English Reformation and by the spiritual fervor of the East African Revival.[9]


PEARUSA identifies its structure as conciliar and collegial; it is governed by a General College of Laity and Clergy, which delegates routine oversight to a Mission Council composed of PEARUSA's bishops and a clergy and lay delegate from each regional network. Each regional network must consist of at least 12 parishes with a combined average Sunday attendance of 1,000. A recognized regional network elects a bishop, who is then approved by PEARUSA and by ACNA's college of bishops before being submitted to the PEAR House of Bishops.[8] In 2012, Steve Breedlove of Durham, North Carolina, was elected as the bishop for the northeast regional network and as the first presider of the PEARUSA College of Bishops.[7] PEARUSA's structure is designed to facilitate church planting.[9]

Unlike PEAR, PEARUSA does not ordain women to the presbyterate, but only to the diaconate.[8]

College of Bishops[edit]

Bishop Year Consecrated Regional Network Notes
Thad Barnum 2001 Mid-Atlantic and Northeast[10] Assisting bishop for New England
Terrell Glenn 2008 Transferred to the ACNA 2013 Missionary bishop in The Diocese of the Western Gulf Coast-ACNA
Steve Breedlove 2012 Mid-Atlantic and Northeast[11] PEARUSA Presider
Ken Ross 2013 West[11]
Quigg Lawrence 2013 Mid-Atlantic and Northeast[11] Assisting bishop for Virginia and North Carolina
David Bryan 2013 Southeast[12]


  1. ^ PEARUSA Statistics
  2. ^ Conger, George (December 5, 2011). "Recant or resign, Rwanda tells Chuck Murphy". Anglican Ink. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  3. ^ Ross, Bobby (December 7, 2011). "Leaving Rwanda: Breakaway Anglicans Break Away Again". Christianity Today. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Rwaje, Onesphore. "Moving Forward Together Statement". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "PEARUSA Now Part of ACNA". Anglican Chaplains. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Schulze, Don (June 11, 2012). "RALEIGH, NC: PEARUSA Celebration Assembly Regroups Following AMIA Break-Up". Virtue Online. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Schulze, Don (June 12, 2012). "RALEIGH, NC: PEARUSA Celebration Assembly Elects First Bishop". Virtue Online. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c "PEARUSA Draft Charter". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Breedlove, Steve. "PEARUSA: Mission and Vision". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Mission Council". 
  11. ^ a b c Watts, Laura. "The Important Work of Formation". Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  12. ^ . Pearusa  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]