PIK3CG

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Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit gamma
PBB Protein PIK3CG image.jpg
PDB rendering based on 17eu.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols PIK3CG ; PI3CG; PI3K; PI3Kgamma; PIK3; p110gamma; p120-PI3K
External IDs OMIM601232 MGI1353576 HomoloGene68269 ChEMBL: 3267 GeneCards: PIK3CG Gene
EC number 2.7.1.153, 2.7.11.1
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PIK3CG 206370 at tn.png
PBB GE PIK3CG 206369 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 5294 30955
Ensembl ENSG00000105851 ENSMUSG00000020573
UniProt P48736 Q9JHG7
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001282426 NM_001146200
RefSeq (protein) NP_001269355 NP_001139672
Location (UCSC) Chr 7:
106.51 – 106.55 Mb
Chr 12:
32.17 – 32.21 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PIK3CG gene.

This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the pi3/pi4-kinase family of proteins. The gene product is an enzyme that phosphorylates phosphoinositides on the 3-hydroxyl group of the inositol ring. It is an important modulator of extracellular signals, including those elicited by E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, which plays an important role in maintenance of the structural and functional integrity of epithelia. In addition to its role in promoting assembly of adherens junctions, the protein is thought to play a pivotal role in the regulation of cytotoxicity in NK cells. The gene is located in a commonly deleted segment of chromosome 7 previously identified in myeloid leukemias.[1]

Interactions[edit]

PIK3CG has been shown to interact with PIK3CD,[2] KRAS,[3] PIK3R5[4] and BCR gene.[5][6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: PIK3CG phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, gamma polypeptide". 
  2. ^ Vanhaesebroeck, B; Welham M J; Kotani K; Stein R; Warne P H; Zvelebil M J; Higashi K; Volinia S; Downward J; Waterfield M D (April 1997). "P110delta, a novel phosphoinositide 3-kinase in leukocytes". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (UNITED STATES) 94 (9): 4330–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.94.9.4330. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 20722. PMID 9113989. 
  3. ^ Rubio, I; Wittig U; Meyer C; Heinze R; Kadereit D; Waldmann H; Downward J; Wetzker R (November 1999). "Farnesylation of Ras is important for the interaction with phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma". Eur. J. Biochem. (GERMANY) 266 (1): 70–82. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00815.x. ISSN 0014-2956. PMID 10542052. 
  4. ^ Brock, Carsten; Schaefer Michael; Reusch H Peter; Czupalla Cornelia; Michalke Manuela; Spicher Karsten; Schultz Günter; Nürnberg Bernd (January 2003). "Roles of G beta gamma in membrane recruitment and activation of p110 gamma/p101 phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma". J. Cell Biol. (United States) 160 (1): 89–99. doi:10.1083/jcb.200210115. ISSN 0021-9525. PMC 2172741. PMID 12507995. 
  5. ^ Bai, R Y; Jahn T; Schrem S; Munzert G; Weidner K M; Wang J Y; Duyster J (August 1998). "The SH2-containing adapter protein GRB10 interacts with BCR-ABL". Oncogene (ENGLAND) 17 (8): 941–8. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1202024. ISSN 0950-9232. PMID 9747873. 
  6. ^ Salgia, R; Sattler M; Pisick E; Li J L; Griffin J D (February 1996). "p210BCR/ABL induces formation of complexes containing focal adhesion proteins and the protooncogene product p120c-Cbl". Exp. Hematol. (UNITED STATES) 24 (2): 310–3. ISSN 0301-472X. PMID 8641358. 
  7. ^ Skorski, T; Kanakaraj P; Nieborowska-Skorska M; Ratajczak M Z; Wen S C; Zon G; Gewirtz A M; Perussia B; Calabretta B (July 1995). "Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase activity is regulated by BCR/ABL and is required for the growth of Philadelphia chromosome-positive cells". Blood (UNITED STATES) 86 (2): 726–36. ISSN 0006-4971. PMID 7606002. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Alloatti G, Montrucchio G, Lembo G, Hirsch E (2004). "Phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma: kinase-dependent and -independent activities in cardiovascular function and disease.". Biochem. Soc. Trans. 32 (Pt 2): 383–6. doi:10.1042/BST0320383. PMID 15046613. 
  • Rommel C, Camps M, Ji H (2007). "PI3K delta and PI3K gamma: partners in crime in inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis and beyond?". Nat. Rev. Immunol. 7 (3): 191–201. doi:10.1038/nri2036. PMID 17290298.