Pappus (flower structure)

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This article is about a flower structure. For the mathematician, see Pappus of Alexandria.
Pappus of Cirsium arvense
Further information: Asteraceae § Floral_heads

The pappus is the modified calyx, the part of an individual disk, ray or ligule floret surrounding the base of the corolla, primarily in flower heads of the plant family Asteraceae, though the term is sometimes used in other plant families whose seeds have similar morphology (e.g., milkweeds). The pappus may be composed of bristles (sometimes feathery), awns, scales, or may be absent. In some species, the pappus is too small to see without magnification. In some species, such as Dandelion or Eupatorium, feathery bristles of the pappus function as a "parachute" which enables the seed to be carried by the wind.[1] The name derives from the Ancient Greek word pappos, Latin pappus, meaning "old man", so used for a plant (assumed to be an Erigeron species) having bristles and also for the woolly, hairy seed of certain plants.

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