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Patil (Marathi: पाटील, Kannada: ಪಾಟೀಲ, Telugu: పాటిల) (meaning "head" or "chief") is an Indian title or lastname. The granted territory is usually referred to as the patilki or Watan. The Patil was in effect the ruler of the territory, as he was entitled to the collected revenues. Many Patils were warriors in the Maratha army. Patil is last name in Maratha (land lords) also it is given the surname to gujar patil or a leva patil or only patil to of others in rest of Maharashtra.
"Patil" is predominantly used by Inhabitants of Deccan Maratha people (Maharashtra, Karnataka and Telangana parts of Andhra Pradesh). The native language of most Patils is predominantly either Marathi language or Kannada. Traditionally, the Patils being the head of the village had people like the Talati or Kulkarni to assist them in doing clerical work for the collection of revenue in their areas of control.
This surname is found amongst Hindus. A man who bought his relatives and opened land became the Patil or the village chief. He in essence owned the village land and granted it to others. A Patil generally owned about 30-40 percent of land in the village. His job was to collect revenue from the entire village and submit it to the royal treasury. He not only acted as a revenue officer but as a judicial head in the village. As the chieftain of the village.Besides this the Patil was responsible for defence of the village, tracing every crime in the village and provide protection to the village. The Patil was also awarded with rent free lands or Inam. A Patil also received Patilkis (village chief rights).
Among prominent Patils were the Royal Bhonsle (or Bhosle) family. Shivaji Maharaj's grandfather Maloji Bhosle was a Patil of villages near Daund in Pune and verul (ellora) near Aurangabad. Other prominent Patils included the Royal Gaikwad family, who were Patils of Lalvan in Malegaon Taluka, the Royal Shinde family were Patils of village Kanherkhed in Satara, the Royal Chambahrepatil of Palsoda Village At Malkapur Taluka and most royal clans were Patils.also shelke from kalamb,shirol and shirdi were royal families were patils. Maharashtra was and is currently dominated by Maratha Patils. All the patils dominate the politics of Maharashtra.
The term Police Patil was used by the East India Company, but it is not related to the Watandar Patils that were granted territory by Shivaji Maharaj or Mughals and Aadils.
Some notable Patils
- Pratibha Patil, former president of India
- Shivraj Patil, Former Home Minister of India
- D. Y. Patil, current Governor-designate of Bihar
- Smita Patil, Renowned Bollywood actress
- Vasantdada Patil - Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra & Governor of Rajasthan
- Balasaheb Vikhe Patil - Former member of Indian Parliament and member of Indian National Congress.
- Gulabrao Patil - Ex. President Maharashtra Congress and MP.
- Shivajirao Nilangekar Patil, Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- R R Patil, Ex. Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Currently home minister of Maharashtra
- Dilip Walse-Patil, Maharashtra MLA, and current Finance Minister
- Harshavardhan Patil, Cabinet Minister for Sehkar from Maharashtra
- Jayant Patil, Current Rular Development Minister of Maharashtra
- Krantisinha Nana Patil was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1957 from north Satara constituency from Communist Party of India. He was the first to give a speech in Marathi on the floor of Parliament
- Suhas Patil, founder of Cirrus Logic
- Veerendra Patil, former Chief Minister of Karnataka
- V.L. Patil, Politician and Independence Activist
- Bandu Patil (January 1, 1936 – August 23, 1988), Olympic Gold medal Men's hockey 1964 - Tokyo
- Pratik Patil, Minister of State for Mining & coal of India
- Sandeep Patil, former Indian cricket player
- Anjali Patil, Theater and Bollywood actress
For the Harry Potter characters see:
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