The hills were mapped by United States Geological Survey (USGS) from ground surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1961-66. The name was applied by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) in association with the name Heritage Range.
In 1987, the Patriot Hills Base Camp was built here by the Adventure Network International (now Antarctic Logistics and Expeditions, LLC; ALE). The camp, used only in the summer months, was the only privately operated camp on the Antarctic continent. In 2010, they moved operations to the Union Glacier Camp.
During the winter of 1998, a team of scientists at Carnegie Mellon University, NASA Ames Research Center and the University of Pittsburgh opened for a few weeks their camp near the Patriot Hills. They tested the robot Nomad, which was built to investigate and identify autonomous rocks and meteorites in polar regions. Since there had been no meteorite impacts in this region, the researchers scattered meteor scattered for testing.
- "Patriot Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- National Science Foundation: INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION DEVELOPMENT OF BLUE-ICE AND COMPACTED-SNOW RUNWAYS IN SUPPORT OF THE U.S. ANTARCTIC PROGRAM. 9. April 1993.
- Adventure Network International - Patriot Hills
- Robotic Antarctic Meteorite Search - Expedition 1998