Paul Marion (politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Paul Jules André Marion (27 June 1899, Asnières-sur-Seine – 1954) was a French journalist and communist who later served as a member of the Vichy government.

Biography[edit]

Marion joined the French Communist Party in 1922 and wrote for L'Humanité as well as being elected to the party's central committee in 1926. After a spell in Moscow working for Comintern he left the Communist Party to join the more moderate Union Socialiste et Républicaine, which counted Marcel Déat amongst its membership, in 1929. He switched his allegiance to the Parti Populaire Français (PPF) in 1936.[1] Despite his political origins Marion was quoted as saying that the PPF would ally itself with the Devil and his grandmother in order to defeat communism.[2] In 1938 he published the Programme of the PPF, a document that defended capitalism as well as endorsing corporatism.[3] He also wrote for a number of right-wing journals, including Jean Luchaire's Notre Temps.[4]

The same year he was one of a group of leading members who split from the PPF, feeling that Jacques Doriot had become too fulsome in his support for Adolf Hitler whilst also endorsing accusations that Doriot had been using his position to personally enrich himself.[5] Marion was part of a loose group of leading members, unofficially led by Pierre Pucheu, who left the party together in early 1939.[6]

Reunited with Doriot under the Vichy regime, he served as Minister of Information from 1941 to 1944. His power grew as he was elected to the controlling committee of the Legion of French Volunteers Against Bolshevism and, along with Jacques Benoist-Méchin, pushed to Pierre Laval the idea that the group should become an official arm of the Vichy government.[7] In his government office he also helped to create an Association of Friends of the Waffen SS, which played a central role in recruitment.[8] He also attempted to use his position to politicise France's youth groups although in this endeavour he was unsuccessful.[9] He remained in office until 1944 when a group of radicals briefly took power and he was replaced by Philippe Henriot.[10] Marion returned to office soon afterwards following Henriot's death and served in his former position when the Vichy government was shifted to Belfort, although by then it was effectively powerless.[11]

Sentenced in 14 Dec. 1948 to ten years in prison, he was pardoned in 1953 for medical reasons, and died of illness in 1954.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Soucy, French Fascism: The Second Wave 1933-1933, Yale University Press, 1995 p. 231
  2. ^ Soucy, French Fascism, p. 228
  3. ^ Soucy, French Fascism, p. 232
  4. ^ W. Fortescue, The Third Republic in France, 1870–1940 , 2000, p. 244
  5. ^ Soucy, French Fascism, p. 243
  6. ^ Jean-Baptiste Duroselle, France and the Nazi Threat: The Collapse of French Diplomacy, Enigma Books, 2004, p. 298
  7. ^ David Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, London: Heinemann, 1972, p. 249
  8. ^ J.G. Shields, 'Charlemagne's Crusaders: French Collaboration in Arms, 1941–1945', French Cultural Studies, 2007, 18, p. 93
  9. ^ Charles Williams, Petain, 2005, p. 372
  10. ^ Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, p. 271
  11. ^ Littlejohn, The Patriotic Traitors, p. 276