Pavol Jantausch

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Pavol Jantausch (27 June 1870- 29 June 1947) was a Czechoslovakian priest and Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church. During the Second World War he protested the antisemitic policies of the Nazi aligned Slovak Republic (1939–45).

Biography[edit]

Born in Vrbové in 1870, he was ordained a priest in 1893. In 1922 he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of Trnava and in 1925 he was ordained Titular Bishop of Priene.[1]

Following Adolf Hitler's dismemberment of Czechoslovakia prior to the Second World War, the small and predominantly Catholic and agricultural Slovak region became the Fascist Slovak Republic in 1939, a nominally independent Nazi puppet state.[2] In February 1942, Slovakia agreed to begin deportations of Jews to German concentration camps.[3] Distressing scenes at railway yards of deportees being beaten by Hlinka Guard paramilitary spurred community protest, including from Bishop Pavol Jantausch.[4] Jantausch was active in protecting Jews.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy - Bishop Pavol Jantausch
  2. ^ Richard J. Evans; The Third Reich at War; Penguin Press; New York 2009, p.395
  3. ^ "The Holocaust in Slovakia". Ushmm.org. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  4. ^ Richard J. Evans; The Third Reich at War; Penguin Press; New York 2009, p.396-397
  5. ^ Phayer, Michael (2000); The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965; Indiana University Press; p. 89