Pelageya Shajn

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Asteroids discovered: 19
1112 Polonia August 15, 1928
1113 Katja August 15, 1928
1120 Cannonia September 11, 1928
1121 Natascha September 11, 1928
1369 Ostanina August 27, 1935
1387 Kama August 27, 1935
1390 Abastumani October 3, 1935
1475 Yalta September 21, 1935
1610 Mirnaya September 11, 1928
1648 Shajna September 5, 1935
1654 Bojeva October 8, 1931
1735 ITA September 10, 1948
1954 Kukarkin August 15, 1952
1987 Kaplan September 11, 1952
2108 Otto Schmidt October 4, 1948
2445 Blazhko October 3, 1935
3080 Moisseiev October 3, 1935
3958 Komendantov October 10, 1953
5533 Bagrov September 21, 1935

Pelageya Fedorovna Shajn, née Sannikova (Пелагея Фёдоровна Шайн) (1894 – August 27, 1956), was a Soviet/Russian astronomer. In modern English transliteration, her surname would be given as Shayn, but her astronomical discoveries are credited under the name P. F. Shajn. Nonetheless, her last name is sometimes given as Schajn, and her first name sometimes as Pelageja.[1]

She was born in 1894 to a peasant family in the village Ostanin located in the Solikamsky District of the Perm Governorate.[2] She was the wife of Grigory Abramovich Shajn (Григорий Абрамович Шайн), who was also a Russian astronomer. Her maiden name was Sannikova (Санникова).[3][4]

She co-discovered the periodic comet 61P/Shajn-Schaldach. However, the non-periodic comet C/1925 F1 (Shajn-Comas Solá), also known as Comet 1925 VI or Comet 1925a, was co-discovered by her husband rather than by her.

She also discovered numerous asteroids and about 140 variable stars.[5]

In honor of Pelageya Shajn was named asteroid 1190 Pelagia by Soviet/Russian astronomer Grigory Neujmin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names: Prepared on Behalf of Commission 20 Under the Auspices of the International Astronomical Union. Springer. p. 131. ISBN 3-540-00238-3. 
  2. ^ Кукаркин, Б. В., ed. (1958). Переменные Звезды (Variable Star) (Академия наук СССР (Academy of Sciences of the USSR)) 11: 321–323. 
  3. ^ "Shain [Shayn, Shajn], Grigory Abramovich". Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York, NY: Springer. 2007. p. 1046. ISBN 978-0-387-30400-7. 
  4. ^ "Санникова-Шайн Пелагея Федоровна, астроном (Sannikova-Shajn, Pelageya Fedorovna, astronomer)" (in Russian). Пермская крае (Perm Krai). Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Dobronravin, P. P. (1950). Krymskaia astrofizicheskaia observatoriia (Crimean Astrophysical Observatory) (in Russian). University of California. p. 46. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Мишланова Л. Самостоянье (Mishlanova L. Samostoyaniya): "Очерки о людях науки и культуры Пермского края. Пермь" (Essays of men on science and culture of Perm Krai). Пушка, 2006. 320 с.: ил., Из содерж.: Планета Пелагея (Planet Pelagia). С. 27-33.: фот.