Pelan, is a very rare surname with independent origins. The name has also been lent to subjects directly or indirectly associated with individuals bearing that surname. The three geographical origins of the surname are France, Ireland and Eastern Europe.
In Ireland, Pelan thought to be a variant or corruption of the common surname Phelan and is found largely in Northern Ireland, and historically in County Down and County Antrim. There are also theories that it is of Huguenot origin and/or possibly related to the Breton surname Pellan .
In Eastern Europe, Pelan is a Czech or Slovakian surname (sometimes written as Pelán).
This surname has spread to adjacent geographical areas and also to the New World with widespread migration in the 19th century.
- Pelan Township, Minnesota, settled in 1880 by Charles Pelan from England.
- Pelan is also a National Cooperative Soil Survey soil series found only in northwestern Minnesota. Its taxonomic class is: Loamy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Oxyaquic Hapludalfs.