Pemba flying fox
|Pemba flying fox|
|Pemba flying fox range|
The Pemba flying fox (Pteropus voeltzkowi) is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae. It is endemic to the island of Pemba in Tanzania. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Recent conservation success has risen their numbers to between 22,000 and 36,000 from just a few individuals 20 years ago. Conservation measures implemented by the Forestry Department on Pemba include an education campaign, the establishment of wildlife clubs to protect nearby roosts, and continuous monitoring of the population. Also, the hunting of these bats with shotguns is now banned on most of the island.
Adult weight is 400 to 650 g (0.9 to 1.2 lb), and head and body length is 24.0 to 26.5 cm (9.5 to 10.5 in).
- Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A. M., Bergmans, W. & Howell, K. (2008). "Pteropus voeltzkowi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- Simmons, N. B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Entwistle, Abigail. Pemba Flying Fox Conservation Project. Lubee Bat Conservancy.
- Bergmans, W. 1990. Taxonomy and biogeography of African fruit bats (Mammalia, Megachiroptera). 3. The genera Scotonycteris Matschie, 1894, Casinycteris Thomas, 1910, Pteropus Brisson, 1762, and Eidolon Rafinesque, 1815. Beaufortia 40: 111-177.
- Kingdon, J. 1984. East African mammals: An atlas of evolution in Africa. (Insectivores and Bats). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2A:140-144.
- Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon field guide to African mammals, AP Natural World Academic Press, Harcourt Brace & Company, San Diego, p. 113.
- Nowak, R. M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Sixth ed. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1:258-260, 264-271.
- Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera, pp. 312-529. In Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder, eds., Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
- Pemba Flying Fox & Zanzibar A travel guide website containing pictures and information about Pemba Flying Fox as well as a selection of Zanzibar & Pemba Hotels.
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