|Molar mass||195.99799 g/mol|
|Appearance||At room temperature, it is liquid and colorless. Below its melting point, it may be sublimed in vacuum.|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
It was first reported in 1931. Of the several ways to produce this compound, is the protonation of the pentacarbonyl manganate anion. The latter is formed from reduction of dimanganese decacarbonyl (Mn(CO)5)2. The reaction is shown below.
- Li(C2H5)3BH + ½Mn2(CO)10 → Li[Mn(CO)5] + ½H2 + (C2H5)3B
- Li[Mn(CO)5] + CF3SO3H → HMn(CO)5 + Li+
Salts of [Mn(CO)5]−
can be isolated as crystalline PPN+
(μ-nitrido—bis-(triphenylphosphorus)) salt, which is smoothly protonated by CF3SO3H.
- PPN[Mn(CO)5] + CF3SO3H → HMn(CO)5 + PPN+
This compound can also be formed by the reaction of a solution of pentacarbonyl(trimethylsilyl)manganese with water. The reaction is shown below.
- 2(CO)5MnSiMe3 + H2O → HMn(CO)5 + Me3SiOSiMe3
Structure and Properties
The structure of HMn(CO)5 has been studied by many methods including X-Ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and electron diffraction. HMn(CO)5 can be related to the structure of a hexacarbonyl complex such as Mn(CO)+
6, and therefore has the following similar properties. The occupied molecular orbitals on the top are the 2 t2g orbitals. They are characterized as metal 3dπ orbitals. Since the antibonding 2π orbitals interact with the carbonyl groups, (or in this case, H−
) the t2g orbital is stabilized compared to the 3dπ orbital, which in turn will cause changes in the sigma and pi interactions.
A common reaction involving the HMn(CO)5 species is substitution of the CO ligands by organophosphines, as occurs both thermally and photochemically. In this way the following derivatives form MnH(CO)3P2, MnH(CO)2P3, and MnH(CO)P4, (where P = P(OEt)3, PPh(OEt)2, PPh2OEt, PPh(OiPr)2.
The compound HMn(CO)5 can be used to reduce olefins and other organic compounds, as well as metal halides.
Carbonyl ligands are substituted in this complex with the appropriate phosphite, resulting in the complexes shown above.
- HMn(CO)5 + CH2N2 → Mn(CO)5CH3 + N2
- Eley, D.D.; Pines, Herman; Weisz, P.B. Advances In Catalysis. 32. 385. ISBN 978-0-12-007832-5
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