It is a two-piece headgear. One piece is a dome-shaped hard cap or kulla, generally embroidered with golden thread. The other piece, called lungi, consists of a long and narrow piece of cotton cloth (not to be confused with a waist cloth wrapped in some regions). The Punjabi pagri is similar with a softer cap. It has a fan-shaped turra (crest) and a tail termed shamla.
During the British rule a similar turban was part of the dress for some government peons.
Wearing a turban was common in ancient Gandhara as well in other part of India (see Pagri in Ancient India). See the gallery of images below. Most of them are from the Kushana period.
In the ancient Gandhara turban, the turra was in the center, behind a kalgi ornament.
- Sweet Chillies, Balraj Khanna Constable, 1991 Page 79.
- The Turbans (Pugrees) of Pakistan, September 24, 2008, All Things Pakistan, http://pakistaniat.com/2008/09/24/turban-pugree-pug-pakistan
- Pakistan: an introduction, Herbert Feldman, Edition 2, Oxford University Press, 1968
- Subhas Chandra Bose: Netaji's passage to immortality, Subodh Markandeya, Arnold Publishers, Dec 1, 1990, p. 147
- In The Districts Of The Raj, Y.D. Gundevia,1992, p. 30
- Young Prithviraj Kapoor in Peshawari pagri, Prithviraj Kapoor by Shammi Kapoor
- Video: Karisma Kapoor Wedding (PART 3) Randhir Kapoor with Peshawari pagri on his daughter's wedding (at 1:37), by Karisma Kapoor, on Aug 10, 2010.
- Rate My Turban - Pagri Rating Website
- Turban izer - Pagri Visualization Tool
Gandhara pagri gallery from major museums (1st-3rd century CE)
Walters Art Museum, Baltimore