25 June 1927|
|Died||10 August 1991
|Occupation(s)||Broadcaster, producer, jazz critic, author|
Peter James Clayton (25 June 1927, Sydenham, London – 10 August 1991, Sydenham, London) was an influential English jazz presenter on BBC radio, jazz critic, and author. Weekly, for twenty-two years, from October 1968 until his death in August 1991, Clayton presented jazz recordings, interviews, studio performances, and live performances on BBC Radio 1, 2, and 3, as well as the BBC World Service. He co-authored several books about music and jazz with his colleague Peter Gammond. He was a frequent contributor to jazz magazines. And he wrote the liner notes for dozens of jazz records.
- Early life
After leaving school in 1945, Clayton served three years in the RAF, serving mainly in Iraq and Kuwait. After demobilisation in 1948, Clayton was employed for a short while as a catering assistant with a hydroelectric scheme in the Scottish Highlands – "a porridge stirrer" was his job description – before joining the staff of Greenwich Public Library, where he remained for seven years.
- Record industry career
Clayton, in the 1950s, worked for Decca Records as a music editor.
- Broadcast career
After leaving Decca, Clayton began "presenting" (British vernacular for what Americans refer to as "hosting") jazz music on BBC Radio in October 1968, with a programme called Jazz on One which was broadcast on 247 metres (1215 kHz) medium wave on Sunday evenings.
In 1970, the BBC reorganised the four national networks, Radio 1, Radio 2, Radio 3, and Radio 4. Programmes from Radio 1 were moved to Radio 2, which included Family Favourites, Late Night Extra, Night Ride and the Sunday night jazz shows. Radio 2 used VHF transmitters and was broadcast at 88–91 MHz, FM.
Clayton went on in 1970 to present Jazz Notes. In October 1973, the BBC added back Radio 1 as a carrier for jazz and other shows, while continuing to carry those shows on Radio 2. That same month, the BBC launched Clayton's best remembered programme, Sounds of Jazz, Sundays at 10 pm, with its own theme music composed by Laurie Johnson:
According to Alyn Shipton in 2012, "Throughout the 70s and 80s, Peter [Clayton] became synonymous with jazz on BBC Radio." In addition to playing jazz records, Clayton organised and presented live jazz recordings with studio audiences, with sets lasting about 30 minutes at BBC's Maida Vale Studios in London during the week. Frequent artists included clarinetist Dave Shepherd and his quintet, pianist Colin Purbrook (1936–1999), pianist Brian Lemon and his octet, tenor saxophonist Danny Moss and his wife, vocalist Jeanie Lambe (born 1940), and trumpeter Kenny Baker. The Mike Westbrook Orchestra made several broadcasts and filled the studio.
- Notable broadcast interviews
On 12 April 1974, Clayton interviewed the Oscar Peterson on BBC Radio 3. During the program, Peterson performed and played some of his records. Clayton interviewed Sarah Vaughan on his Sounds of Jazz programme on 11 July 1977, when Vaughan sang a tribute to the music of George Gershwin.
- Sounds of Jazz and Jazz Record Requests
- Informed presenters like the late Peter Clayton and Charles Fox served jazz superbly, and were looked on with real affection. For many years a long procession of bands, in all styles, made their way to the BBC's Maida Vale studios to record jazz, often in a neargig setting in front of enthusiastic audiences.
When Clayton became ill from cancer, Charles Fox took his place in 1990. Then Fox unexpectedly died on 9 May 1991, and Clayton resumed the show, recording segments at home from a wheelchair. His show Sounds of Jazz continued to be heard on BBC Radio 2 until his death. On BBC Radio 3, he succeeded Steve Race as the presenter of the Saturday afternoon programme Jazz Record Requests, and played requests from an international audience on Jazz for the Asking on the BBC World Service. When Clayton died, ninety-three days after Fox died, Geoffrey Smith took over.
Throughout his broadcasting career, Clayton wrote several books with a colleague, Peter Gammond (born 1925).[a]
Selected published works
- 101 Things, by Peter Gammond & Peter Clayton, London: Elek Books (1959); OCLC 30246604
- A Guide to Popular Music, by Peter Gammond & Peter Clayton, London: Phoenix Press (1960); OCLC 1194579 and 314766655
- Dictionary of Popular Music, by Peter Gammond & Peter Clayton, Philosophical Library (1961); OCLC 851041
- Know about Jazz, by Peter Gammond & Peter Clayton, London: Blackie and Son (1963); OCLC 7955794
- Bluff Your Way in Jazz, by Peter Clayton & Peter Gammond
- The Bluffer's Guide to Jazz, by Peter Clayton, Peter Gammond, John Lewis, London: Oval Books
- Jazz A-Z, by Peter Clayton & Peter Gammond, Guinness Books (Guinness Superlatives Ltd.) (1986); OCLC 15353474 and 76750957
- 14 Miles on a Clear Night: An Irreverent, Sceptical, and Affectionate Book About Jazz Records, by Peter Clayton & Peter Gammond, Greenwood Press
- Liner, jacket, container, and program notes
- Tribute to Cole Porter, GNP Crescendo GNP-9004 (1980s re-release); OCLC 12952589
- Count Basie; Vol. I – Great Original Performances: 1932–1938, CDS Records (1992); OCLC 50337610
- Red Nichols and his Five Pennies, Ace of Hearts Records (1963); OCLC 221077483
- Canned Wheat by the The Guess Who, RCA Victor (1969); OCLC 6149452
- Good Morning Rain, by Bonnie Dobson, performer; Ben McPeek, arranger, RCA Victor (1970); OCLC 13775385
- "Ten Years After: Peter Clayton Talks to Chris Barber," JazzBeat (magazine), Vol. 1, No. 4, June 1964, pp. 4–5; ISSN 0447-631X, OCLC 503996193 and 752664415
- "Unsquare Peg," by Peter Clayton, Daily Telegraph, 21 June 1970
- "All Things Bright and Betjeman," by Peter Clayton, Hi-Fi News, April 1975, p. 119; ISSN 0142-6230
- Peter Gammond (born 1925; Northwich, Cheshire, North West England) is author of over forty books on jazz, ragtime, and the music-hall, including those he co-authored with Clayton, and The Oxford Companion to Popular Music. His work in classical music includes books on Schubert, Mozart, Offenbach, and record collecting. After his service with the Royal Armoured Corps during World War II, and after his studies at Wadham College, he joined Decca Records in 1952 as a music editor, leaving in 1960 to become a freelance writer. – Autobiographical introduction from The Day I Met Myself: Selected Poems by Peter Gammond, G2 Rights Ltd. (2014); OCLC 904405023
- Inline citations
- "Peter James Clayton," England and Wales, Death Registration Index 1837–2007
- "All That Jazz," by Alyn Shipton, The Guardian 14 November 2012
- "Clayton, Peter James (1927–1991), Radio Broadcaster and Author," by Peter Gammond, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press (1994) (retrieved 19 March 2015)
The Times, 12 August 1991
Daily Telegraph, 12 August 1991
By Steve Voce, The Independent, 13 August 1991
By Peter Gammond, The Guardian, 14 August 1991
- Photos of Clayton
Photo by Val Wilmer, 1962
Photo by David Redfern, 1986, private collection of David Redfern, Redferns Music Picture Library, Ltd. (acquired by Getty Images in 2008)
- "Encounter With Oscar Peterson: Peterson BBC Radio 3 Interview," conducted by Peter Clayton, 12 April 1974
- "The Jazz Economy — Part 3: Radio and TV Jazz – Still the Poor Relation?", by Brian Blain and John Fordham, Jazz UK, No. 61, January–February 2005, pps. 16–18; ISSN 1472-0728