Petropedetidae

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Petropedetidae
Petropedetes cameronensis 1874.jpg
Petropedetes cameronensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Superfamily: Ranoidea
Family: Petropedetidae
Noble, 1931
Type genus
Petropedetes
Reichenow, 1874
Synonyms

Petropedetinae

Petropedetidae is a family of frogs containing three genera and 12 species.[1][2] They are found in Sub-Saharan tropical Africa[1] and are sometimes known under common name African torrent frogs.[3]

They are inhabitants of the splash-water zone of clear running streams in predominantly forests. Tadpoles are either semi-terrestrial in the spray zone or fully aquatic in zones of the strongest currents. Some species guard their clutch.[3] They are small (Ericabatrachus)[4] or medium to large sized frogs (Arthroleptides and Petropedetes).[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Petropedetidae are related to true frogs, family Ranidae, and have often been considered as a subfamily within a broadly defined Ranidae.[5] However, it is now common to treat it as a family,[1][2][5][6] although the genera included may differ between sources. In particular, Conraua is sometimes included in Petropedetidae,[6] instead of forming its own mono-generic family Conrauidae.[1][2][6]

Genera[edit]

There are three genera in the family:[1][2]

Recognition of Arthroleptides as a genus separate from Petropedetes is recent.[3][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Petropedetidae Noble, 1931". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Petropedetidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Barej, M. F.; Rödel, M. O.; Loader, S. P.; Menegon, M.; Gonwouo, N. L.; Penner, J.; Gvoždík, V. C.; Günther, R.; Bell, R. C.; Nagel, P.; Schmitz, A. (2014). "Light shines through the spindrift – Phylogeny of African torrent frogs (Amphibia, Anura, Petropedetidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 261–73. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.001. PMID 24239613.  edit
  4. ^ Largen, M. J. (1991). "A new genus and species of petropedetine frog (Amphibia Anura Ranidae) from high altitude in the mountains of Ethiopia". Tropical Zoology 4: 139. doi:10.1080/03946975.1991.10539483.  edit
  5. ^ a b Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 39–55. 
  6. ^ a b c Vitt, Laurie J.; Caldwell, Janalee P. (2014). Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles (4th ed.). Academic Press. p. 507. 
  7. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Arthroleptides Nieden, 1911 "1910"". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 29 May 2014.