|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon
other bodies available
|Engine||1085 cc - 1465cc
|Wheelbase||247 cm (97.2 in)|
|Length||3,800 mm (149.6 in)|
|Width||1,350 mm (53.1 in)|
|Curb weight||890 kg (1,962 lb)|
|Predecessor||Peugeot Type 190|
The Peugeot 201 is a car that Peugeot produced between 1929 and 1937.
The car was built at the company's Sochaux plant near the Swiss frontier, and is today celebrated in the adjacent Peugeot museum. Although Peugeot had produced a petrol/gasoline powered motor vehicle as early as 1886, it is reasonable to see the 201 as the company's first volume model.
The 201 was presented at the 1929 Paris Motor Show as the Wall Street Crash burst upon the world. Many European manufacturers would not survive the shock waves emanating from New York, but the compact no-nonsense 201 would match the mood of the moment, enabling Peugeot to survive the economic crisis with its finances intact and its status as a major league auto producer confirmed.
During the 1930s Peugeot offered several variants of the 201, and the engine capacity grew.
Initially, it was powered by a 1122 cc engine developing 23 horsepower (17 kW) at 3500 rpm (top speed: 80 km/h / 50 mph). There followed an engine of 1307 cc, and finally a 1465 cc unit of 35 hp (26 kW).
The 201C launched in 1931 is claimed as the first volume produced car equipped with independent front suspension, a concept rapidly adopted by the competition. The simpler beam front axle version continued available, but the independent system reportedly improved road holding and reduced steering column vibration.
The name game
In the early decades of the twentieth century automakers paid very little attention to the naming of their cars. The 201's predecessor, the Type 190 is so named, at least in retrospect, because it was the 190th distinct design developed by Peugeot. However, at the time few customers would have been aware of the name "Type 190". Even in the company's own brochures, the car now remembered as the Type 190 was simply called "La 5CV Peugeot" (The Peugeot 5 hp).
For Peugeot things changed when the Type 190 gave way to the Peugeot 201. The 201 was the first Peugeot to carry a name comprising three numerals with a central zero. Peugeot took effective steps to protect all such automobile names, to the discomfiture of Porsche in the 1960s as they prepared to launch their iconic new 901 model. Curiously, having a Ferrari 308 was not a problem.
Between 1931 and 1933 the company produced 1,676 commercial versions of the 201, aimed at small shopkeepers and other businessmen. A wide range of body types was produced including a little flatbed truck, a "bakers' van" and light vans with and without side windows behind the B-pillar.
- "1929 : 201". peugeot.com. Retrieved 2008-03-17.
- "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1932 (salon [Paris, Oct] 1931): Comme tous constructeurs français, Peugeot souffre de la dépression économique mondiale et ses cadences de production s’effondrent. [...] Malgré ce ralentissement sensible de son activité en 1932, Peugeot traverse la crise sans trop de dommages grâce à la 201 dont le caractère économique devient un argument déterminant dans cette période difficile. (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 80s: Page 74. 2006.
- Musée de l'Aventure Peugeot. The exhibit label (2012) states: « Jusqu'à présente le modèles Peugeot se suivaient dans une numérotation plus ou moins logique qui d’ailleurs n’était que peu utilise par la publicité. Par exemple le 190 S était présenté dans les brochures sous le nom « Le 5 CV Peugeot ». Avec la 201 une ère novelle commence.»
- Auto passion, nbr 37, juillet 1990
- Rétro hebdo, nbr 28, septembre 1997
- Rétroviseur ISBN 0992-5007, nbr 58
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2007-03-08 of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peugeot 201.|
|Peugeot, a marque of PSA Peugeot Citroën, road vehicle timeline, 1889–1944 — next »|
|Supermini||1||2||3 / 4||5 / 6 / 7 / 8||21 / 24 / 30 / 31||37||54||57||69 "Bébé"||B P1/ B3/P1 "Bébé"¹||161/172 "Quadrilette"||5CV||190|
|26 / 27 / 28||48||126||201||202|
|14 / 15 / 25||56||58||68||VA/VC/VY¹||V2C/V2Y¹||VD/VD2¹||159||163||301||302|
|33 / 36||63||99||108||118||125||173 / 177 / 181 / 183|
|9 / 10 / 11 / 12||16 / 17 / 19 / 32||49/50||65/67||77||78||88||127||143||153||153 B/BR||176||401||402|
|23||42/43/44||62||72||82||92||104||112/117/ 122/130/134||139||145/146/148||174 / 184|
|91||101/120||133 / 111/129/131||136||144|
|Minibus||20 / 29||107|
|1 These cars were marketed as "Lion-Peugeots", produced by what was till 1910 a separate Peugeot company, run by cousins of Armand Peugeot, then in charge of the principal automobile business.
In 1910, Armand having no sons of his own, it was agreed that the two branches of the Peugeot business be reunited.