A photo-book or photobook is a book in which photographs make a significant contribution to the overall content. A photo-book is related to and also often used as a coffee table book.
Early photo-books are characterised by their use of photographic printing as part of their reprographic technology. Photographic prints were tipped-in rather than printed directly onto the same paper stock used for letterpress printed text. Many early titles were printed in very small editions and were released as partworks to a network of well-informed and privileged readers. Few original examples of these books survive today, due to their vulnerability to light and damage caused by frequent handling.
What is arguably the first photo-book, Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions (1843–53) was created by Anna Atkins. The book was released as a partwork to assist the scientific community in the identification of marine specimens. The non-silver cyanotype printing process worked by pressing actual specimens in contact with light-sensitive paper; hence the word "impression" in the book's title.
The Pencil of Nature (1844–46) was produced by William Henry Fox Talbot, who had invented of the Calotype photographic process in 1839. Although significant as the first negative/positive photography process, the Calotype was also envisioned as a commercial prospect for the reproduction of images in books through mass publication. Anticipating commercial success, Fox Talbot established purpose-made printing premises in Reading to carry out the reproduction of his book. The Pencil of Nature was released in six parts between 1844 and 1846, to an initially promising list of private subscribers whose numbers dwindled, causing the premature termination of his project.
Julia Margaret Cameron created the first photo-book to illustrate a literary work. The 1874 edition of Tennyson's Idylls of the King contained twelve Cameron images that had been specially created, but reproduced as wood engravings. Cameron sought her own publisher, creating a new version of Idylls of the King, containing her original photographs as albumen prints, which came out in December of the same year.
Photographers such as Shinzō Fukuhara were producing photography books in the 1920s. The postwar years brought low-priced photography books, such as the many volumes of Iwanami Shashin Bunko. From the 1950s onward, most Japanese photographers of note have had photo-books published.
However, the simplest Japanese translation of photo-book is shashinshū (写真集), and the shashinshū section of a typical Japanese bookstore is full of books of photographs of little or no documentary or artistic merit but which instead conventionally portray currently popular celebs. Many are of cheesecake models (guradoru), or porn starlets (nūdoru); others are of singers, television personalities, professional sportswomen (often wrestlers) and so forth.
Storing digital images in traditional photo albums means printed copies are inserted in the pages of an album. Companies such as Shutterfly, ZOOMBOOK, Momento Photo Books and Bob Books allow users to create personalized photo-books. The resulting book is printed on digital color printers and case bound.
Professional printing and binding services offer for easy creation of photo-books with professional layouts and individual layout capabilities. Because of the integrated design and order workflow, hardcover bound books with customized pictures and text can be produced very cost-effectively.
Currently there are many photo book software companies who sell licensed solutions to photo labs and print houses so that their customers can create photo books, gifts, calendars, prints with ease. These software solutions are available for free download or online access or through apps.
The development of digital cameras and the Internet allowed an enormous production and exchange of pictures, taken from different corners of the globe. There are many possibilities nowadays for users to upload and share pictures (examples are Google and Facebook). However, many people and institutions also publish photo-books on the web, by providing the community with a huge web database freely available for everybody.
Some interesting examples follow (in alphabetic order):
- Antonio Mucherino Web Pages. This is a collection of non-professional shoots taken during several travels. The web page loads automatically a random selection of the pictures available in the photo-book.
- Astronomy pictures from NASA. This photo-book contains several astronomic pictures. They are sorted by the date they were taken.
- Artistic Photographs. It contains artistic pictures from Michael Cummings. Photographs can be browsed by topics: animals, architecture, etc.
- British Columbia Historical Photographs. This archive contains annotated links to online photograph databases and photograph galleries mounted on archival web sites in British Columbia. It is maintained by the Archives Association of British Columbia.
- Judith Jacobs Digital Fine Art. Pictures of paintings from the artist.
- Tania Lee Crow photography. Independent photographer currently based in London.
- The independent photographer. Artistic pictures from Karen McBride.
- The travel photographer. Freelance photographer specialized in documenting endangered cultures and traditional life ways of Asia, Latin America and Africa.
- Parr and Badger, The Photo-book, 1:14, 20–21.
- Parr and Badger, The Photo-book, 1:13–15, 22.
- Parr and Badger, The Photo-book, 1:69.
- Parr, Martin, and Gerry Badger. The Photobook: A History. London: Phaidon.
- Heiting, Manfred, and Roland Jaeger (ed.): Autopsie. Deutschsprachige Fotobuecher 1918 bis 1945. Band 1; Goettingen: Steidl Verlag, 2012.
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