Piano Trios, Op. 70 (Beethoven)
Opus 70 is a set of two Piano Trios by Ludwig van Beethoven, written for piano, violin, and cello. Both trios were composed during Beethoven's stay at Countess Marie von Erdödy's estate, and both are dedicated to her for her hospitality. They were published in 1809.
The first, in D major, known as the Ghost, is one of his best known works in the genre (rivaled only by the Archduke Trio). The D major trio features themes found in the second movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 2. The All-Music Guide states that "because of its strangely scored and undeniably eerie-sounding slow movement, it was dubbed the 'Ghost' Trio. The name has stuck with the work ever since. The ghostly music may have had its roots in sketches for a Macbeth opera that Beethoven was contemplating at the time."
These pieces are representative of Beethoven's "Middle" stylistic period, which went from roughly 1803 to 1812, and which included many of his most famous works. Beethoven wrote the two piano trios while spending the summer of 1808 in Heiligenstadt, Vienna, where he had completed his Symphony No. 5 the previous summer. He wrote the two trios immediately after finishing his Sinfonia pastorale, Symphony No. 6. This was a period of uncertainty in Beethoven's life, in particular because he had no dependable source of income at the time.
Although these two trios are sometimes numbered as "No. 5" and "No. 6", the numbering of Beethoven's twelve piano trios is not standardized, and in other sources the two Op. 70 trios may be shown as having different numbers, if any.
Opus 70 No. 1 – Piano Trio [No. 5](?) in D major "Ghost"
- Allegro vivace e con brio, D major, 3/4
- Largo assai ed espressivo, D minor, 2/4
- Presto, D major, 4/4
Opus 70 No. 2 – Piano Trio [No. 6](?) in E-flat major
- Poco sostenuto – Allegro, ma non troppo, E-flat major, 4/4 - 6/8
- Allegretto, C major/minor, 2/4
- Allegretto, ma non troppo, A-flat major, 3/4
- Finale. Allegro, E-flat major, 2/4
The second movement is in double variation form.
- Piano Trio [No. 5](?), Piano Trio [No. 6](?): Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Performances of Piano Trio Op. 70 No. 1 and Piano Trio Op. 70 No. 2 by the Claremont Trio from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in MP3 format
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