Pierre Lorillard IV
|Pierre Lorillard IV|
sketch c. 1888
October 13, 1833|
Westchester, New York
|Died||July 7, 1901
Fifth Avenue, Manhattan
|Resting place||Green-Wood Cemetery|
|Occupation||Businessman, Racehorse owner/breeder|
|Known for||Tuxedo Club|
|Board member of||P. Lorillard and Company|
|Spouse(s)||Emily Taylor (c. 1835–1925)|
|Parents||Pierre Lorillard III
|Relatives||Louis L. (?–1910), brother
George L., brother
Peter Hill Beard, grandson
Born in Westchester, New York, he was the son of Pierre Lorillard III (1796–1867) and Catherine Griswold. In 1760, his great-grandfather, and namesake, founded P. Lorillard and Company in New York City to process tobacco, cigars, and snuff. Today, Lorillard Tobacco Company is the oldest tobacco company in the U.S. Pierre Lorillard married Emily Taylor (b. January 21, 1841) in 1858 with whom he had four children; she was the daughter of Isaac Ebenezer Taylor (b. 1815) and Eliza Mary Mollan Taylor (d. 1867). He is the step-grandfather of the artist Peter Hill Beard.
In the early 1880s, Lorillard helped make Newport, Rhode Island a yachting center with his schooner Vesta and a steam yacht Radha. He owned a summer estate in Newport called "The Breakers", which he sold to Cornelius Vanderbilt II in 1885 in order to use his newly developed estate, the Tuxedo Club, at what became known as Tuxedo Park in Orange County, New York. Lorillard had inherited 13,000 acres (53 km²) around Tuxedo Lake, which he developed in conjunction with William Waldorf Astor and other wealthy associates into a luxury retreat. Lorillard hired famed architect Bruce Price to design his clubhouse and the many "cottages" of the era along with landscape architect Arthur P. Kroll, in 1929. Lorillard was also a member of the Jekyll Island Club, also known as The Millionaires Club.
While it has been reported that Lorillard's son, Griswold Lorillard, introduced the then-unnamed tuxedo to the United States in 1886 at the Tuxedo Club's Autumn Ball, this is now known to be incorrect. While Griswold and his friends did create a stir by wearing unorthodox clothing, their jackets were closer to tailcoats without tails, or what would now be called a mess jacket.
An avid sportsman, Pierre Lorillard and his brother, George Lyndes Lorillard, were both major figures in thoroughbred horse racing. In 1874, Pierre Lorillard's horse, Saxon, won the Belmont Stakes. Although his horse Parole finished fourth in the 1876 Kentucky Derby, it went on to race with considerable success both in the United States and in Europe. In the 19th century, shipping horses from New York to Louisville, Kentucky was a major undertaking and because back then both the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes were both held in the New York City area, neither of the Lorillard brothers raced again in the Derby. Pierre Lorillard established Rancocas Stable, named for the New Jersey town where Lorillard owned a country house. He spent time in Paris and in England where, in 1881, his horse Iroquois became the first American-owned and bred horse to win a European classic race. Ridden by the champion English jockey, Fred Archer, Iroquois won the Epsom Derby then went on to capture the St. Leger Stakes as well. Lorillard had other successes in England, notably with the horse named for the actor David Garrick, who won the 1901 Chester Cup ridden by American jockey, Danny Maher.
Beyond his interest in racehorses, Lorillard was a scholar who financed the Central American expedition of the French archaeologist Désiré Charnay and his publication of "The Ancient Cities of the New World. Being Travels and Explorations in Mexico and Central America from 1857–1882." For making the project possible, the government of France awarded Lorillard the Legion of Honor. Charnay named some Maya ruins "Lorillard City" in his honor, but the name did not stick, and the site is better known as Yaxchilan. Lorillard also helped finance some of the explorations of Augustus Le Plongeon.
Lorillard Place in The Bronx is named for him and his brother George.
- Emily Lorillard
- Pierre Lorillard V
- Nathaniel Griswold Lorillard
- Maude Louise Lorillard, later Baroness Revelstoke (1876 London – 2 April 1922 London) married firstly 15 April 1893 (divorced) T. Suffern Tailer, married secondly 1902 Hon. Cecil Baring, later 3rd Baron Revelstoke (1864–1934), third but second surviving son of the 1st Baron Revelstoke; her husband succeeded his unmarried elder brother in 1929. Through this marriage, Maud Lorillard is an ancestress of the present Baron and of the heir apparent to the earldom of Oxford and Asquith.
- "Pierre Lorillard Dead. Famous in Society, in Commerce, and in the World of Sport. First American to Win the English Derby. Other Triumphs on the Turf in Both Hemispheres". The New York Times. July 8, 1901. "Pierre Lorillard died at the Fifth Avenue Hotel at 2:10 o'clock yesterday afternoon. He had for some time been in a semi-comatose condition. He realized two days ago that the end was near."
- Black Tie Guide | History: Origins at www.blacktieguide.com
- Lundy, Darryl. "Maud Louise Lorillard". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
- "Wedded Before Many Friends; Miss Maud Lorillard Becomes Mrs. T. Suffern Tailer. Dr. Satterlee Performs a Simple Ceremony in Calvary Church—Wedding Breakfast at the Lorillard Residence—Showered with Rice as They left the House—One Hundred Thousand Dollars' Worth of Presents—To Spend a Few Months at the World's Fair and Then to go Abroad." The New York Times April 16, 1893. p. 10
- "Mrs. M. L. Tailer's Wedding; Will Be, or Has Become, the Bride of the Hon. Cecil Baring, in London, It Is Said."The New York Times April 10, 1902. p. 9
- The 1st Baron's daughter Hon. Margaret Baring married the 6th Earl Spencer, and they were great-grandparents of Diana, Princess of Wales
Pierre Lorillard V, Son of Pierre Lorillard IV From Who's Who in America 1924–1925 Chicago: A. N. Marquis and Company, London: Stanley Paul & Co., Ltd. Edited by Albert Nelson Marquis page 2025 Lorillard, Pierre, capitalist; b. at New York. Jan. 28, 1860; s Pierre and Emily (Taylor) L; m. Caroline J. Hamilton, 1881. Long connected with P. Lorillard Co., Tobacco. Pres. Tuxedo Park Assn. Clubs: The Brook, Knickerbocker, Grolier, Tuxedo, Down Town, Racquet and Tennis, Westminster, Kennel (New York); Metropolitan (Washington, D.C.). Home: Tuxedo Park, N.Y.