Pinout

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A pinout diagram of a very common 555 timer integrated circuit showing its 8 pins (numbered 1-8) and their corresponding functions ("ground", "trigger", "output", etc.)

In electronics, a pinout (sometimes written "pin-out") is a cross-reference between the contacts, or pins, of an electrical connector or electronic component, and their functions.

Purpose[edit]

The functions of contacts in electrical connectors, be they power- or signaling-related, must be specified in order for connectors to be interchangeable. When connected, each contact of a connector must mate with the contact on the other connector that has the same function. If contacts of disparate functions are allowed to make contact, the connection may fail and damage may result. Therefore, pinouts are a vital reference when building and testing connectors, cables, and adapters.

Terminology[edit]

While one usage of the word pin is to refer to electrical contacts of, specifically, the male gender, its usage in pinout does not imply gender: the contact-to-function cross-reference for a connector that has only female socket contacts is still called a pinout.

Representation[edit]

The pinout can typically be shown as a table or diagram, though it is necessary to clarify how to view the diagram, stating if it shows the backside of the connector (where wires are attached) or the "mating face" of the connector. Published pinouts, which are particularly important when different manufacturers want to interconnect their products using open standards, are typically provided by the connector or equipment manufacturer. Some pinouts are provided by 3rd parties since some connectors are not well documented by the manufacturer.

While repairing electronic devices, an electronics technician uses electronic test equipment to "pin out" each component on a PCB. The technician probes each pin of the component in turn, comparing the expected signal on each pin to the actual signal on that pin.

Example pinouts[edit]

USB pinout[edit]

Viewed from the front (outside) of Female Type A USB receptacle:

USB TypeA Diagram Numbered.svg

  1. +5V (Red)
  2. −Data (White)
  3. +Data (Green)
  4. GND (Black)

PS/2 pinout[edit]

PS/2 connector pinout
Pin number Name Purpose
1 DATA Data
2 Not used
3 GND Ground
4 Vcc +5V Common-collector voltage
5 CLK Clock signal
6 Not used

4017 decade counter[edit]

4017 pinout
Pin number Name Purpose
1 6 The 6th sequential output
2 2 The 2nd sequential output
3 1 The 1st sequential output
4 3 The 3rd sequential output
5 7 The 7th sequential output
6 8 The 8th sequential output
7 4 The 4th sequential output
8 0 V, VDD The connection to the 0 V rail
9 9 The 9th sequential output
10 5 The 5th sequential output
11 10 The 10th sequential output
12 CO Carry out output - outputs high on counts 0 to 4, outputs low on counts 5 to 9 (thus a transition from low to high occurs when counting from 9 back to 0)
13 LE Latch enable - latches on the current output when high (i.e. the chip counts when LE is low)
14 CLK Clock in
15 RST Reset - sets output 1 high and outputs 2 through 10 low, when taken high
16 +9 V, VCC The connection to the +VCC rail (voltage between +3 V and +15 V)

LM741 operational amplifier[edit]

LM741 Pinout Round.svg

See also[edit]

External links[edit]