Poecilotheria regalis

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Poecilotheria regalis
Female Poecilotheria regalis, ventral shot.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Subfamily: Poecilotheriinae
Genus: Poecilotheria
Species: P. regalis
Binomial name
Poecilotheria regalis
(Pocock, 1899)

Poecilotheria regalis is a species of arboreal tarantulas from the Western and Eastern Ghats, India.[1] The common name for this spider is Indian Ornamental Tree Spider, or simply Indian Ornamental. It is one of the most popular arboreal tarantulas for amateur collectors. Their legspan sometimes exceeds 7 inches (18 cm).

Name[edit]

The name Poecilotheria is derived from Greek "poikilos" - spotted and "therion" - wild beast. Regalis refers to "royal". This whole genus of arboreal tarantulas exhibits an intricate fractal-like pattern on the abdomen. The spider's natural habitat is primarily Southeastern India.

Behavior[edit]

The P. regalis' behavior parallels that of many arboreal spiders. In the wild the P. regalis live in holes of tall trees where they make asymmetric funnel webs. Their primary prey consists of various flying insects, which they seize in flight and paralyze. It is not unknown for the spiders of this genus to live communally when territory, i.e. number of holes per tree, is limited. They tend to be quite defensive spiders.

Bites[edit]

Although there has never been a recorded death from any tarantula bite this species is considered to have a medically significant bite, with venom that may cause intense pain, judging from the experience of keepers bitten by other spiders from this genus.[2][3][4][5] They move rapidly and, although they generally prefer flight to fight, may attack when cornered.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Molur, S., Daniel, B.A. & Siliwal, M. (2008). "Poecilotheria regalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Gabriel,, R. (2002). "Notes and Observations Regarding the Bite of Poecilotheria pederseni". British Tarantula Society Journal 17 (2): 61–64. 
  3. ^ Poecilotheria regalis - Arachnoboards
  4. ^ Phong's Tarantulas! - Tarantula bites
  5. ^ Schmidt, G. (1988): Wie gefährlich sind Vogelspinnenbisse ? Deutsches Ärzteblatt 85 Heft 28/29(2): 1424-1425. (u. a. Infos about Poecilotheria fasciata)

External links[edit]