Polish legislative election, 1922

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Polish legislative election, 1922
Poland
1919 ←
5 November 1922 (1922-11-05) (Sejm)
12 November 1922 (1922-11-12) (Senat)
→ 1928

All 444 seats to the Sejm
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Stanisław Glabiński.jpg Izaak Grunbaum.jpg W. Witos.JPG
Leader Stanisław Głąbiński Yitzhak Gruenbaum Wincenty Witos
Party ZL-N BMN PSL "Piast"
Leader since November 1920 1922 December 1, 1918
Leader's seat 50 – Lwów 1 - Warszawa 84 - Tarnów
Last election 140 did not exist 46
Seats won 98
(163 as Chjena coalition)
66 70
Seat change Decrease 42 Increase 66 Increase 24
Popular vote 1,534,011 (ca.) 1,398,250 1,153,397
Percentage 17.4%
(29,1 as Chjena coalition)
16.0% 13,2%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Stanisław Thugutt.jpg Ignacy Daszynski01.jpg
Leader Stanisław Thugutt Ignacy Daszyński Józef Chaciński
Party PSL "Wyzwolenie" PPS PSChD
Leader since 1921 1921 November 1920
Leader's seat 15 - Konin 42 - Kraków county no.8 - State list
Last election 59 35 Did not exist
Seats won 49 41 43
(163 as Chjena coalition)
Seat change Decrease 10 Increase 6 Increase 43
Popular vote 963,385 906,537 700,000 (ca.)
Percentage 11,0% 10,3% 8,0% (ca.)
(29,1 as Chjena coalition)

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Jan S. Jankowski (1926).jpg
Leader Jan Stanisław Jankowski Edward Dubanowicz Tadeusz Szułdrzyński
Party NPR NChSL ChNSR
Leader since 1920 July 1921 1920
Leader's seat none no.8 - State list Senate - Poznań
Last election did not exist did not exist did not exist
Seats won 18 11
(163 as Chjena coalition)
11
(163 as Chjena coalition)
Seat change Increase 18 Increase 11 Increase 11
Popular vote 473,676 < 250.000 < 250.000
Percentage 5,4% 2,0%
(29,1 as Chjena coalition)
1,7%
(29,1 as Chjena coalition)
Herb Polski.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Poland

Parliamentary elections were held in Poland on 5 November 1922, with Senate elections held a week later on 12 November.[1] The elections were governed by the March Constitution of Poland, and saw the Christian Union of National Unity coalition emerge as the largest bloc in the Sejm with 163 of the 444 seats.

The resulting coalitions were unstable, and the situation - difficult from the start, with assassination of Polish president Gabriel Narutowicz in December shortly after the elections - culminated in 1926 with the May Coup.

As it turned out, this would be the last relatively free election held in Poland until 1989, and the last completely free one until 1991.

Results[edit]

Sejm[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Union of National Unity 2,551,582 29.1 163 +23
Bloc of National Minorities 1,398,250 16.0 66 +64
Polish People's Party "Piast" 1,153,397 13.2 70 +24
Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" 963,385 11.0 49 –10
Polish Socialist Party 906,537 10.3 41 +6
National Workers' Party 473,676 5.4 18 –14
Jewish Group 405,961 4.6 18 +7
Polish Centre 259,956 3.0 6
Ukrainian Group 136,044 1.6 5
Communist Party 121,448 1.4 2
Radical Peasant Party 115,515 1.3 4 New
Polish People's Party "Left" 59,104 0.7 2 –10
People's Council 46,317 0.5 0
Unia Narodowo-Państwowa 38,160 0.4 0
Centrum Mieszczańskie 29,653 0.3 0
Invalids and Demobilised Soldiers 11,871 0.1 0
Others 91,842 1.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 58,977
Total 8,821,675 100 444 +50
Registered voters/turnout 12,989,718 67.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Christian Union of National Unity 2,173,756 39.1 48
Bloc of National Minorities 977,075 17.6 23
Polish People's Party "Piast" 729,622 13.1 17
Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie" 529,675 9.5 8
Polish Socialist Party 468,147 8.4 7
National Workers' Party 291,779 5.2 3
Jewish Group 179,626 3.2 4
Radical Peasant Party 56,339 1.0 0
Państwowe Zjednoczenie na Kresach 55,953 1.0 1
Polish Centre 55,805 1.0 0
Communist Party 51,094 0.9 0
Polish People's Party "Left" 25,362 0.5 0
Związek Rad Ludowych 10,096 0.2 0
Centrum Mieszczańskie 3,111 0.1 0
Unia Narodowo-Państwowa 2,338 0.0 0
Others 6,713 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 36,838
Total 5,653,329 100 111
Registered voters/turnout 9,085,690 61.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1491 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

Further reading[edit]

  • A. J. Groth, Polish Elections 1919-1928, Slavic Review, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Dec., 1965), pp. 653–665 JSTOR