In economics and philosophy, a positive statement concerns what "is", "was", or "will be", and contains no indication of approval or disapproval (what should be). Positive statements are testable - or, at least, it is possible to imagine facts that disprove them - but can be factually incorrect: "The moon is made of black and gold cheese" is empirically false, but is still a positive statement, as it is a statement about what is, not what should be. Positive statements are contrasted with normative statements, which do make value judgements.
- Lipsey, Richard G. (1975). An introduction to positive economics (fourth ed.). Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0-297-76899-9.
- http://www.unc.edu/depts/econ/byrns_web/Economicae/Figures/Positive-Normative.htm Economae: An Encyclopedia
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