Process layout

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Typical plant layout done thought CAD. Note that layout for a production system reflects a conceived organization of resources to achieve a certain goal, besides satisfying certain space constraints.

In manufacturing engineering, process layout is a design for the floor plan of a plant which aims to improve efficiency by arranging equipment according to its function.[1] The production line should ideally be designed to eliminate waste in material flows, inventory handling and management.[2] In process layout, the work stations and machinery are not arranged according to a particular production sequence. Instead, there is an assembly of similar operations or similar machinery in each department (for example, a drill department, a paint department, etc.)

Main advantages[edit]

  1. Provide visual control of activities
  2. Utilize space efficiently
  3. Utilize labor efficiently
  4. Eliminate bottlenecks
  5. Facilitate communication and interaction between workers and supervisors


A common criticism of this layout is that the work can be monotonous for staff, especially if they are involved only in one stage of the process.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mikell P. Groover (2007). Work Systems: The Methods, Measurement & Management of Work. Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-140650-6
  2. ^ Shigeo Shingo(1985). "A revolution in Manufacturing: The SMED System". Productivity Press. ISBN 0-915299-03-8

Further reading[edit]