List of tribunals in the United Kingdom

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This is a list of tribunals believed to be currently in existence in the United Kingdom.

Contents

General Tribunals[edit]

First-tier Tribunal[edit]

The First-tier Tribunal hears appeals from regulators and decision-makers in a wide range of subject areas, currently:[1]

  • Alternative Business Structures (Licensed Conveyancers)
  • Charity
  • Claims Management Services
  • Consumer Credit
  • Environmental sanctions
  • Estate Agents
  • Examination Boards
  • Gambling
  • Immigration Services
  • Freedom of Information and Data Protection
  • Local Government Standards
  • Transport
  • Asylum Support
  • Social Security and Child Support
  • Criminal Injuries Compensation
  • Care Standards
  • Mental Health
  • Special Educational Needs and Disability
  • Primary Health Lists
  • Tax
  • MP's expenses
  • War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation
  • Immigration and Asylum

Upper Tribunal[edit]

The Upper Tribunal hears appeals from the First-tier Tribunal and also from:[2]

Education[edit]

School Admission Appeal Panels[edit]

School Admission Appeal Panels are set up by Local Education Authorities or school Governing Bodies to hear appeals against a child’s non-admission to their preferred school, or against the school place allotted to them.

School Exclusion Appeal Panels[edit]

School Exclusion Appeal Panels are set up by Local Education Authorities or school Governing Bodies to hear appeals against decisions to exclude a child from school.

Schools Adjudicators[edit]

Schools Adjudicators decide on objections to published admission arrangements for admitting children to schools, and decide on statutory proposals for school organisation.[3]

Employment[edit]

Employment Tribunals[edit]

Employment Tribunals hear claims regarding employment including unfair dismissal, redundancy payments and discrimination. They deal with other claims relating to wages and other payments.

Employment Appeal Tribunal[edit]

The Employment Appeal Tribunal hears appeals from Employment Tribunals.

Police Appeals Tribunal[edit]

The Police Appeals Tribunal hears appeals against the findings of internal disciplinary proceedings brought against members of the police force.

Reserve Forces Appeal Tribunals[edit]

Reserve Forces Appeal Tribunals hears appeals from members of the United Kingdom reserve forces (the Territorial Army, the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Royal Marines Reserve), or their civilian employers, against decisions on exemption from call-out to active service or regarding financial assistance.[4]

Reserve Forces Reinstatement Committees and Umpires[edit]

Reserve Forces Reinstatement Committees hears applications from members of the United Kingdom reserve forces (the Territorial Army, the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, the Royal Naval Reserve and the Royal Marines Reserve) who consider that they have been refused their right to return to their civilian job following demobilisation.[5] Umpires hear appeals on determinations or orders of Committees.

Finance and Commerce[edit]

Company Names Tribunal[edit]

The Company Names Tribunal makes decisions in disputes about opportunistic company name or limited liability partnership name registrations, when someone registers one or more variations of the name of a well-known company in order to get that company to buy the registration from them.[6]

Competition Appeal Tribunal[edit]

The Competition Appeal Tribunal hears appeals against decisions of the Competition Commission, the Office of Fair Trading, Ofcom, Ofgem, Ofwat, the Office of Rail Regulation or the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, under the Competition Act 1998 or the Enterprise Act 2002.[7]

Foreign Compensation Commission[edit]

The Foreign Compensation Commission assesses the amount of compensation British claimants are entitled to receive under international and British law for losses suffered abroad.[8]

Insolvency Practitioners Tribunal[edit]

Thre Insolvency Practitioners Tribunal hears referrals in respect of the refusal to grant, or the intention to withdraw, a license to act as an insolvency practitioner.[9]

Office of Fair Trading adjudicators[edit]

Office of Fair Trading adjudicators hears representations made by consumer credit licence applicants or holders against a notice that the OFT is minded to refuse, revoke or suspend their licence,[10] and also from estate agents who have been notified that the OFT is considering issuing a warning or prohibition order against them.[11]

Health and Care[edit]

Gender Recognition Panel[edit]

The Gender Recognition Panel assesses applications from transsexual people for legal recognition of the gender in which they now live.[12]

Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service[edit]

The Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service makes decision about the fitness to practice of doctors. It was set up in 2012 to separate the adjudication function of the General Medical Council from its investigatory function.[13]

Misuse of Drugs Tribunal[edit]

The Misuse of Drugs Tribunal considers whether there are grounds for prohibiting a health care practitioner from prescribing controlled drugs. The Tribunal has not sat for many years.[14]

National Appeal Panel for Entry to the Pharmaceutical List (Scotland)[edit]

The National Appeal Panel considers appeals against decisions taken by Health Boards in Scotland on applications to provide NHS pharmaceutical services.[15]

NHS Litigation Authority Family Health Services Appeal Unit[edit]

The NHS Litigation Authority FHS Appeal Unit hears, on behalf of the Secretary of State for Health, appeals from decisions of Primary Care Trusts regarding applications to provide NHS pharmaceutical services in England, and also decides contractual disputes between Primary Care Trusts and general practitioners, dentists or opticians.[16]

NHS Tribunal Scotland[edit]

The NHS Tribunal Scotland handles cases referred by Health Boards of fraud and other misconduct by medical, dental, ophthalmic or pharmaceutical practitioners, and considers whether the practitioner should be disqualified from working in the NHS in Scotland.[17]

Primary Care Trust Discipline Committees[edit]

Primary Care Trust Discipline Committees investigate disciplinary matters against various primary health care professionals.

Intellectual Property[edit]

Comptroller-General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks[edit]

The Comptroller (also known as the Registrar of Trade Marks or Designs) can decide disputes relating to trade marks,[18] patents[19] and registered and unregistered designs.[20]

Controller of Plant Variety Rights[edit]

The Controller of Plant Variety Rights considers applications for plant variety rights, and hears representations from others who may be affected by the grant of such rights before making a final decision.[21]

Copyright Tribunal[edit]

The Copyright Tribunal decides disputes about the terms and conditions of licences offered by, or licensing schemes operated by, collective licensing bodies in the copyright and related rights area.[22]

Plant Varieties and Seeds Tribunal[edit]

The Plant Varieties and Seeds Tribunal hears appeals against decisions of the Controller of Plant Variety Rights regarding plant variety rights, against decisions of the Agriculture Ministers on the listing of new varieties of the main agricultural and vegetable species and seeds certification, and against the decisions of the Forestry Commissioners on matters concerning forest reproduction materials.[21][23]

Property and Land[edit]

Adjudicator to HM Land Registry[edit]

The Adjudicators to HM Land Registry deal with disputes arising from applications to register, or change the registration of, land in England and Wales.[24]

Agricultural Arbitrators[edit]

Agricultural Arbitrators settle disputes between agricultural landlords and tenants, mostly relating to rent reviews.[25]

Agricultural Land Tribunals[edit]

The Agricultural Land Tribunals deal with issues relating to agricultural tenancies, and drainage disputes between neighbours.[26]

Commons Commissioners[edit]

The Commons Commissioners decide disputes about the registration of common land.[27]

Crofters Commission[edit]

The Crofters Commission regulates crofting in the Scottish Highlands and Islands.[28]

Forestry Committees[edit]

Forestry Committees deal with appeals against refusals by the Forestry Commissioners to grant a felling licence or the replanting conditions attached to a felling licence, or against a restocking notice or a felling direction served by the Forestry Commissioners.[29]

Leasehold Valuation Tribunals[edit]

Leasehold Valuation Tribunals decide disputes relating to residential leasehold property, for example the price to be paid when renewing a lease, the tenant's right of first refusal when the landlord sells the property and service charges.[30]

Planning Inquiries[edit]

The Planning Inspectorate hears appeals against planning decisions by local authorities, and against enforcement action.[31] It also decides appeals on a range of similar matters, such as Tree Preservation Orders or rights of way orders which have been objected to.[32]

Rent Assessment Committees and Rent Tribunals[edit]

Rent Assessment Committees and Rent Tribunals determines disputes about fair and market rents, for examples objections to rents assessed by the Rent Service, establishing an open market rent figure or deciding new rental terms after the end of an assured tenancy or assured shorthold tenancy.[33]

Residential Property Tribunals[edit]

Residential Property Tribunals deal with appeals against the refusal by a Local Housing Authority or Housing Association to allow a tenant to buy their home on the grounds that the property is particularly suitable for occupation by elderly persons, applications for and appeals against Empty Dwelling Management Orders, and appeals against various other types of housing orders and notices.[34]

Valuation Tribunal[edit]

The Valuation Tribunal hears appeals concerning council tax, non-domestic rates and land drainage rates in England and Wales.[35]

Pensions[edit]

Board of the Pension Protection Fund[edit]

The Board of the Pension Protection Fund considers applications for compensation to occupational pension schemes, with insolvent employers, that suffer a loss that can be attributable to an offence involving fraud or dishonesty.[36]

Pensions Ombudsman and Pension Protection Fund Ombudsman[edit]

The Pensions Ombudsman makes binding determinations on complaints concerning occupational and personal pension schemes.[37] The Pension Protection Fund Ombudsman can review certain decisions of the Pension Protection Fund and also deals with appeals from decisions of the Financial Assistance Scheme.[38]

Pensions Regulator[edit]

The Determinations Panel of the Pensions Regulator decides whether to impose sanctions where an investigation has identified breaches of the law or codes of practice relating to pensions, and also considers applications for the Pensions Regulator to use its powers.[39]

Police and Fire Fighters Pensions Appeals Tribunals[edit]

The Police Pensions Appeals Tribunal hears appeals against decisions of police authorities to refuse to grant a pension, or to grant a smaller pension than is claimed.[40] The Fire Fighters Pensions Appeals Tribunal performs a similar role.[41]

Transport[edit]

Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Arbitration Tribunal[edit]

The Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Arbitration Tribunal was established to hear appeals over the valuation of shares to compensate individual operators following the nationalisation of the UK aerospace and shipbuilding industries in the late 1970s. It was abolished in March 2013.[42]

Civil Aviation Authority[edit]

Panels of Members of the Civil Aviation Authority hear appeals regarding refusals to grant, or variations or revocations of, an aerodrome licence, an air operator's certificate, an air traffic controller’s licence, approval for a person to provide an air traffic control service, a certificate of airworthiness or a permit to fly, approval of equipment for use on board an aircraft or in the provision of an air traffic control service, a maintenance engineer’s licence and a pilot’s licence.[43]

Traffic[edit]

Parking and Traffic Appeals Service (Parking Adjudicators)[edit]

Parking Adjudicators hear parking appeals against Penalty Charge Notices issued for parking, bus lane and various traffic sign contraventions within Greater London.[44]

Road User Charging Adjudicator Tribunal[edit]

Road User Charging Adjudicators hear appeals against congestion charging and low emission zone penalties in Greater London.[45]

Traffic Commissioners[edit]

The Traffic Commissioners license operators of heavy goods vehicles and public service vehicles (buses), grant vocational licences to drivers of such vehicles, and register local bus services; they also take action against operators and drivers where the required standards are not met, and can fine bus companies where services do not run on time.[46]

Traffic Penalty Tribunal (including Bus Lane Adjudicators)[edit]

The Traffic Penalty Tribunal decides appeals against parking and bus lane penalties issued in England (outside London) and Wales.[47]

Other[edit]

Children's Hearings (Scotland)[edit]

Children's Hearings took over, from the Scottish courts, most of the responsibility for dealing with children and young people under 16, and in some cases under 18, who commit offences or who are in need of care and protection

Horserace Betting Levy Appeal Tribunal[edit]

The Horserace Betting Levy Appeal Tribunal hear appeals against the amount of levy collected by the Horserace Betting Levy Board to be used in the improvement of horseracing and breeds of horses, and for the advancement of veterinary science and education.[48]

London Buildings Acts Tribunals[edit]

Information Commissioner[edit]

The Information Commissioner considers complaints that organisations may have breached data protection laws, or that public authorities have not complied with the law on freedom of information. It also considers complaints made under the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003.[49]

Investigatory Powers Tribunal[edit]

The Investigatory Powers Tribunal hears complaints about surveillance carried out by a public body under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, including any alleged conduct by or on behalf of the Security Service (MI5), the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ).[50]

Proscribed Organisations Appeal Commission[edit]

The Proscribed Organisations Appeal Commission deals with appeals in cases where the Home Secretary has decided not to de-proscribe organisations (remove their status as illegal organisations) believed to be involved in terrorism.[51]

Scottish Charities Appeal Panel[edit]

The Scottish Charities Appeal Panel hears appeals against decisions of the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator.[52]

Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal[edit]

The Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal adjudicates upon alleged breaches, by solicitors, of rules or their code of professional conduct.[53] Cases are prosecuted by the Solicitors Regulation Authority.[54]

Tribunals which have never sat[edit]

Antarctic Act Tribunal[edit]

The Antarctic Act Tribunal would consider any appeal against the Secretary of State in cases where permits for a British expedition to enter or remain in Antarctica, granted under the Antarctic Act 1994, have been revoked or suspended.[55]

Chemical Weapons Licensing Appeal Tribunal[edit]

The Chemical Weapons Licensing Appeal Tribunal would consider any appeal against the Secretary of State where a licence to produce, use or have possession of toxic chemicals or precursors under the Chemicals Weapons Act 1996 has been refused, revoked or varied.[56]

Conveyancing Appeal Tribunal[edit]

The Conveyancing Appeal Tribunal was intended to hear appeals against decisions of the Authorised Conveyancing Practitioners Board, set up to regulate the conveyancing industry. However the Board was never formally established, and the tribunal has therefore never sat.[57]

Industrial Arbitration Tribunal[edit]

Decides disputes arising from vesting and compensation orders which the Secretary of State has the power under the Industry Act 1975 to issue in regard to the transfer of control of important manufacturing undertakings to non-residents. These powers have never been exercised.[58]

Justices and Clerks Indeminification Tribunal[edit]

The Justices and Clerks Indeminification Tribunal would hear appeals by magistrates and clerks from decisions of magistrates' courts committees regarding indemnification against costs incurred in disputing any claims made against them.[59]

Mines and Quarries Tribunal[edit]

The Mines and Quarries Tribunal would enquire into the competence of a person to continue to hold a certificate in regard to the performance of duties relating to mines and quarries. The tribunal has never been convened.[60]

Sea Fish Licence Tribunal[edit]

The Sea Fish Licence Tribunal would have heard appeals from individual fishermen against their "days at sea" allocations in their licence, under the Sea Fish (Conservation) Act 1967. However the "days at sea" programme envisaged by the Act was never commenced and the tribunal has never been convened.[61]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Upper Tribunal". Tribunals Service. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Office of the Schools Adjudicator". Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  4. ^ "Reserve Forces Appeal Tribunal". Tribunals Service. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "How to apply to a Reinstatement Committee". SaBRE. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Company Names Tribunal Factsheet". Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "About the Tribunal". Competition Tribunal. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Foreign Compensation Commission". Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Insolvency Practitioners Tribunal". Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "Credit Enforcement Action". Office of Fair Trading. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "Enforcement of the Estate Agents Act". Office of Fair Trading. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Gender Recognition Panel". Tribunals Service. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  13. ^ "GMC launches new tribunal service for UK doctors". General Medical Council. 11 June 2012. 
  14. ^ "Home Office Tribunals". The Tribunals Review. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "National Appeal Panel". Scottish Health Service Centre. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  16. ^ "FHS Appeals Unit". NHS Litigation Authority. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  17. ^ "NHS Tribunal Scotland". Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
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  19. ^ "Patents decisions". Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  20. ^ "Design decisions". Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "UK Plant Breeders’ Rights Handbook". Food and Environment Research Agency (DEFRA). Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  22. ^ "Copyright Tribunal". Intellectual Property Office. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Plant Varieties and Seeds Tribunal". DirectGov. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  24. ^ "Adjudicator to HM Land Registry: About Us". Tribunals Service. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  25. ^ "Request for Arbitration". Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  26. ^ "Agricultural Land Tribunals". DEFRA. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
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  28. ^ "Crofters Commission". Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
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