Pupa (gastropod)

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Pupa
Pupa tessellata 002.jpg
Apertural view of a shell of Pupa tessellata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
informal group Lower Heterobranchia
Superfamily: Acteonoidea
Family: Acteonidae
Genus: Pupa
Bolten, 1798 [1]
Type species
Pupa grisebla Röding, 1798
Synonyms[1]
  • Buccinulus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
  • Dactylus Schumacher, 1817
  • Solidula Fischer von Waldheim, 1807
  • Strigopupa Habe, 1958

Pupa is a genus of small sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Acteonidae. [1]

The genus is named Pupa because the shell of these snails resemble an insect pupa in overall shape. The animal has a large headshield with a deep median slit, separating it into two posteriorly projecting lobes.

Species[edit]

A shell of Pupa affinis

According to the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), the following species are included within the genus Pupa:[2]

  • Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1854)
    • Distribution : South Africa, Red Sea, Indo-Pacific
    • Length : 11-20 mm
    • Description : cream-colored shell with horizontal spiraled patterns (dark brown, light brown or greenish) without dark borders; sharp apex
  • Pupa coccinata L. A. Reeve, 1842 (considered by some to be a color form of Pupa strigosa)
    • Distribution : Japan, tropical Indo-West Pacific
    • Length : 25 mm
    • Description : headshield flaps cover the opening of the mantle cavity; white-colored with many orange-red spots in spiraling bands
  • Pupa davisi Kilburn, 1975
    • Distribution: South Africa
    • Length : 12.5 mm
    • Description : cream-colored shell with sharp apex.
  • Pupa nitulida (Lamarck, 1816) Smooth pink pupa
    • Distribution : Indo-Pacific, Philippines, New Caledonia, South Africa
    • Length : 10-18 mm
    • Description : shell has a smooth creamy to pink color; sharp apex.
  • Pupa pascuana Raines, 2002
  • Pupa sinica Lin, 1989
  • Pupa solidula Linnaeus, 1758 Solid pupa
    • Distribution : cosmopolitan, Indo-Pacific
    • Length : 15-35 mm
    • Description: shell with a white background, covered with horizontally spiraling bands of dark brown to light brown patterns; sharp apex.
  • Pupa sulcata (Gmelin, 1791) Furrowed pupa
    • Distribution : cosmopolitan, tropical Indo-Pacific, Japan
    • Length : 10-25 mm
    • Description : intertidal and up to depths of 30 m, burrowing in the sand; lightbrown shell with horizontal darker bands, where the darkest parts form a vertical band; sharp apex
  • Pupa tragulata Iredale, 1936
Species brought into synonymy
  • Pupa flammea (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Maxacteon flammeus (Bruguière, 1789)
  • Pupa grisebla Röding, 1798: synonym of Pupa solidula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pupa kirki (Hutton, 1873): synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa nivea (Angas, 1871) : synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa strigosa (Gould, 1859): synonym of Buccinulus strigosus Gould, 1859: synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa suturalis (A. Adams, 1854): synonym of Japonactaeon suturalis (A. Adams, 1855)

The database Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database (OBIS) also includes the following names in current use : [3]


Pupa fumata
  • Pupa fumata Gould, 1859 Brown Pupa
    • Distribution : tropical, Western Australia, Indo-Pacific
    • Length : 20 mm
    • Description : shell with spiral ribs; patterns of brown or gray spots on a cream-colored background; whorls separated by a white narrow band.
  • Pupa niecaensis K. H. Barnard, 1963
    • Distribution : South Africa
  • Pupa pudica Adams, 1854
    • Distribution : Hawaii
    • Length : 7 mm
    • Description : pink-colored elongate shell, with spiral bands of lightbrown patterns.
  • Pupa solidula fumata (= Pupa fumata) Reeve, 1865 Brown pupa
    • Distribution : Philippines, Thailand
    • Length : 6 mm
  • Pupa suturalis A. Adams, 1855
    • Distribution : Indo-Pacific

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2012). Pupa Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204293 on 2012-06-04
  2. ^ WoRMS : Pupa; accessed : 12 October 2010
  3. ^ OBIS : Pupa

External links[edit]