Quintus Anicius Faustus

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Quintus Anicius Faustus (fl. late 2nd century – early 3rd century AD) was a Roman military officer and senator who was appointed suffect consul in AD 198.

Biography[edit]

Faustus' campaigning between 197 and 202 greatly contributed to the expansion of the Limes Tripolitanus.

Born either in Uzappa in the province of Numidia, or in Praeneste in Italia, it has been speculated that Anicius Faustus was possibly the son of a Sextus Anicius Saturninus and Seia Maxima. A member of the third century gens Anicia and a novus homo, Faustus was appointed the Legatus Augusti pro praetore (or imperial governor) of the province of Numidia by the emperor Septimius Severus, a position he held from AD 197 – 201. During this time he built several defensive forts of the Limes Tripolitanus, in southern Numidia and in Tripolitania,[1] in order to protect the province from the raids of nomadic tribes.

Anicius Faustus was appointed consul suffectus in absentia in AD 198, while serving in Numidia.[2] This was followed by his posting as Legatus Augusti pro praetore of Moesia Superior, which he may have held from possibly AD 202 to 205. He then fell out of favour with Septimius Severus, and this continued through Caracalla’s reign, possibly due to his close working relationship with Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, who was executed for plotting to overthrow the Severan Dynasty.[3] It wasn’t until the reign of Macrinus that he returned to favour, with his appointment as the proconsular governor of Asia, replacing Gaius Julius Asper, a post which he held for two consecutive years, from AD 217 – 219.[4] His prorogation was made at the expense of the distinguished Aufidius Fronto, whom Macrinus wanted to humiliate.[5]

Anicius Faustus is speculated to have married either a Vesia Rustica or a Sergia Paulla, daughter of a Lucius Sergius Paullus. He probably had at least one son, Quintus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, who was a suffect consul sometime before AD 230.

Political offices
Preceded by
Publius Martius Sergius Saturninus or
Lucius Aurelius Gallus
Consul suffectus in absentia of the Roman Empire
198
with unknown
Succeeded by
Publius Cornelius Anullinus II
Marcus Aufidius Fronto

Sources[edit]

  • Mennen, Inge, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011)
  • Pat Southern, Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-203-45159-7, pp. 45, 295.
  • Christian Settipani, Continuite Gentilice et Continuite Familiale Dans Les Familles Senatoriales Romaines, A L'Epoque Imperiale, Mythe et Realite. Linacre, UK: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000. ILL. NYPL ASY (Rome) 03-983.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Among which were Bu Ngem (30°34′42.75″N 15°24′48.66″E / 30.5785417°N 15.4135167°E / 30.5785417; 15.4135167 (Bu Ngem)), Gheria (30°23′36.0″N 13°35′36.0″E / 30.393333°N 13.593333°E / 30.393333; 13.593333 (Gheria)) and Ghadames (30°08′30.0″N 9°30′30.0″E / 30.141667°N 9.508333°E / 30.141667; 9.508333 (Ghadames)) (J.S. Wacher, The Roman world, Volume 1, Taylor & Francis, 2002, ISBN 0-415-26315-8, pp. 252-3).
  2. ^ CIL VIII, 2550; Arnhiem, M. T. W., The Senatorial Aristocracy in the Later Roman Empire (1972), pg. 109
  3. ^ Mennen, pg. 86
  4. ^ Cassius Dio, 78.22.4.
  5. ^ Mennen, pg. 88