R v Chaytor
|R v Chaytor|
|Court||Supreme Court of the United Kingdom|
|Full case name||'R v Chaytor and others|
|Argued||18–19 October 2010|
|Decided||1 December 2010|
|Neutral Citation|| UKSC 52|
|Prior action(s)|| EWCA Crim 1910|
|Members of Parliament could be prosecuted for false accounting in relation to the Parliamentary expenses scandal without violating Parliamentary privilege|
|Majority||Lord Phillips & Lord Rodger (Lords Hope, Brown, Mance, Collins, Kerr and Lady Hale in concurrence), Lord Clarke|
|Area of Law|
|False accounting, Constitutional law, Parliamentary privilege|
R v Chaytor and others  UKSC 52 was a 2010 judgment of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. The case concerned the trials of three former Members of Parliament for false accounting in relation to the Parliamentary expenses scandal of 2009.
During their trials, the three MPs (David Chaytor, Elliot Morley and Jim Devine) had each separately argued unsuccessfully that there was no case to answer as expenses claims were covered by the doctrine of Parliamentary privilege and could not be the basis of criminal charges. They appealed (along with Lord Hanningfield) to the Court of Appeal where three of the most senior judges in that court (Lord Judge LCJ, Lord Neuberger MR and Sir Anthony May – the President of the Queen's Bench Division) had dismissed their arguments.
The MPs (although not Lord Hanningfield) successfully applied to the Supreme Court for permission to appeal the decision. The Supreme Court, comprising nine judges to reflect the importance of the matter, heard arguments over two days in October 2010 before unanimously rejecting the submission that Parliamentary privilege under either the common law or the Bill of Rights 1689 protected the defendants from prosecution.
As a consequence, each case was referred back to the Crown Court. Chaytor and Morley pleaded guilty to dishonesty offences and Devine was found guilty at trial. Each received sentences of between 16 and 18 months imprisonment in relation to their expenses claims.
In February 2010 in the wake of the Parliamentary expenses scandal, Keir Starmer, the Director of Public Prosecutions announced an intention to charge three Labour MPs – David Chaytor, MP for Bury North, Elliot Morley, MP for Scunthorpe and Jim Devine, MP for Livingston as well as Conservative Party peer Lord Hanningfield with false accounting contrary to section 17 Theft Act 1968.
Each charge was brought in relation to allegations that each defendant had misused the Parliamentary expenses system and dishonestly claimed substantial sums of money which they were not entitled to during their terms in Parliament.
Each defendant was separately committed for trial at the Crown Court and separately raised the argument that proceedings could not be brought against them due to the protection of parliamentary privilege. A single hearing was held to determine the matter in which Mr. Justice Saunders ruled that the politicians were not afforded protection by parliamentary privilege. The four defendants appealed to the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division).
- Siddique, Haroon (7 January 2011). "David Chaytor jailed for 18 months". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- Davies, Caroline (20 May 2011). "MPs' expenses: Elliot Morley jailed for 16 months". The Guardian (London).
- "Former MP Jim Devine jailed for 16 months over expenses". BBC News. 31 March 2011.
- "Three MPs and one peer to be charged over expenses". BBC News. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "The charges laid over expense claims". BBC News. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2011.