Race Relations Act 1965
|Chapter||1965 c 73|
|Royal Assent||8 December 1965|
|Amendments||Race Relations Act 1968|
|Repealing legislation||Race Relations Act 1976|
The Race Relations Act 1963 was the first legislation in the United Kingdom to address racial discrimination.
It also prompted the creation of The Race Relations Board (in 1966), to consider complaints under the Act.
Reasons for the Act's introduction
The UK saw an influx of economic migrants after World War II, many from the Commonwealth countries. The Museum of London states that "casual ‘colour prejudice’ was part of daily life" for many. In 1958, London saw the Notting Hill riots, and in 1963 the Bristol Bus Boycott occurred.
The Act made it a civil offence (rather than a criminal offence) to refuse to serve a person, an unreasonable delay in serving someone, or overcharging, on the grounds of colour, race, or ethnic or national origins.
The Act did not extend to Northern Ireland, and specifically excluded shops and private boarding houses. It was "a weak piece of legislation" and failed to end racial discrimination in the UK, as evidenced by the expansion of the British National Front and Enoch Powell's 1968 Rivers of Blood speech.
Amendment and repeal
The Act was strengthened with the Race Relations Act 1968, which extended the legislation's remit to cover employment and housing. It was repealed by the Race Relations Act 1976, which saw the creation of the Commission for Racial Equality.
- "On this day: 8 December 1965: New UK race law 'not tough enough'". BBC. 8 December 1965. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Race Relations Acts 1965-1976". The Museum of London. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- Editorial (Thursday 10 November 2005). "In Praise Of...The Race Relations Acts". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Discrimination and race relations policy". The National Archives. Retrieved 10 January 2010.