|Area||1.98 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- land||1.98 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||167.1 / sq mi (65 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Raleigh, Illinois|
Raleigh is located at .
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 1.98 square miles (5.1 km2), all land.
The small village of Raleigh was the seat of Saline County following the County's troubled creation around 1847. Raleigh had its own school, several stores, and was a bustling village. Now, along with many Saline county towns, Raleigh has been abandoned by business and commerce, leaving only a 350 residents to keep a population.
As of the census of 2000, there were 330 people, 144 households, and 94 families residing in the village. The population density was 167.1 people per square mile (64.7/km²). There were 182 housing units at an average density of 92.2 per square mile (35.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.39% White, 0.30% Native American and 0.30% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.
There were 144 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 20, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $37,857. Males had a median income of $36,667 versus $16,071 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,054. About 21.8% of families and 29.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
- Wid Matthews, outfielder with the Philadelphia Athletics and Washington Senators; later became a baseball executive and scout
- Gillum Ferguson. 2007. The Perilous Infancy of Saline County, Journal of Illinois History, Vol. 10, p. 49.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.