Ralph Louis Engelstad (January 28, 1930 – November 26, 2002) was the multi-millionaire owner of the Imperial Palace casino-hotels in Las Vegas and in Biloxi, Mississippi. He also owned the Kona Kai motel in Las Vegas, which later became the Klondike Hotel & Casino. He was also the donor for the construction of the $104 million Ralph Engelstad Arena for his alma mater, the University of North Dakota in Grand Forks, North Dakota, and another arena bearing his name in Thief River Falls, Minnesota. Engelstad was also a co-developer of the Las Vegas Motor Speedway. A self-made man, Engelstad was one of the very few independent casino-hotel owners in Las Vegas.
Early years and business career
During high school, Engelstad worked a summer job at AGSCO farm supply company, where his father was a salesman. In 1954, he graduated from the University of North Dakota with a degree in Business. He married Betty Stocker later that year. Shortly thereafter, he founded his own construction company: Engelstad Construction.
Engelstad became a millionaire at the age of twenty-nine. He had hoped to become a millionaire by the age of thirty. In 1959, he moved to Las Vegas, Nevada, where his construction company had secured government contracts to build FHA homes.
In 1965, he purchased the Thunderbird Field airport and later acquired vacant land nearby. In 1967, he sold 145 acres, including the airport, to billionaire Howard Hughes for $2 million. Engelstad used the money to purchase the Kona Kai motel on the Las Vegas Strip. He sold the motel in 1975 for $1.2 million.
In 1971, he purchased the Flamingo Capri Motel, also on the Las Vegas Strip. He added a casino in 1972, and later renamed the property to the Imperial Palace Hotel and Casino in 1979. By 1989, he was worth an estimated $300 million. In 1997, he opened a second Imperial Palace resort in Biloxi, Mississippi.
UNLV Foundation donation
The Engelstad Foundation made a contribution of $12.6 million to the University of Nevada Las Vegas to fund 100 full-time scholarships for incoming Freshmen students with a minimum GPA of 3.25.
Engelstad was a controversial figure. He raised accusations of being sympathetic to Nazism owing to his collection of Nazi memorabilia stored in a private room within the casino-hotel, including a painting of himself dressed in a Nazi uniform (captioned "To Adolf from Ralphie"), a painting of Hitler with the reverse caption, and a collection of antique cars alleged to have once belonged to German Nazi leaders.
Hitler birthday party
On April 20 in 1986 and 1988, he hosted parties to celebrate Adolf Hitler's birthday at his casino in Las Vegas that featured bartenders in T-shirts reading "Adolf Hitler — European tour 1939-45". Because of this, in 1989, the Nevada Gaming Commission fined Engelstad $1.5 million "for actions that damaged the reputation and image of Nevada's gaming industry." Engelstad apologized publicly for the parties, but the row was not to be his last controversial move.
Fighting Sioux controversy
"Tradition is the gentle fabric woven through time and experience which generates meaning, character, and identity to one and all. The Fighting Sioux logo, the Fighting Sioux uniforms, the aura of the Fighting Sioux tradition and the spirit of being a Fighting Sioux are of lasting value and immeasurable significance to our past, presence, and future." —Ralph Engelstad
Engelstad embroiled himself in the fight over the Fighting Sioux logo when he built a $104 million arena on the University of North Dakota campus for the Fighting Sioux hockey program. Midway in its construction, Engelstad threatened to withdraw funding if the long standing nickname were to be changed. The logo was placed in thousands of instances in the arena, making the prospect of removal a costly measure. Later, Engelstad placed the stadium under private (rather than University) management and stipulated that the Fighting Sioux motif be kept indefinitely. An Engelstad family trust continues to own the arena and rents it to the University.
The North Dakota Board of Higher Education ruled on April 8, 2010, to retire the Fighting Sioux nickname in response to pressure from the NCAA. On February 8, 2012 the "repeal of the repeal" took place. After 17,213 North Dakota residents signed a petition bringing the debate over the nickname to a statewide vote, UND resumed use of the nickname. On June 14, 2012, the nickname was repealed again after a vote held on June 11, 2012 on whether to keep or retire the nickname resulted in 67.35% of North Dakota voters chose to retire the "Fighting Sioux" name and American Indian head logo as a result of negative consequences resulting from impending NCAA sanctions.
- "Ralph Engelstad obituary". www.KAMM.org. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- Lundin, Marvin (March 3, 1999). "An Interview with Ralph Engelstad Part I of a series [page 3]". Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- "The Ralph Engelstad Story". SiouxSports.com. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- Imperial Palace owner Engelstad dies. Liz Benston, Las Vegas Sun, November 27, 2002.
- "John Katsilometes talks with longtime Klondike Hotel owner John Woodrum about the place closing on June 30". John Katsilometes, Las Vegas Sun, May 28, 2006.
- "Gaming executive Engelstad dies at 72". www.KAMM.org. November 28, 2002. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- Las Vegas Sun article
- Bismarck Tribune article
- Letter from Engelstad to UND President Charles Kupchella
- USA Today article
- ESPN.com article
- "Fighting Sioux backers finish petition". ESPN. February 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- "Secretary of State - Election Night Results - June 12th, 2012". North Dakota State Government. June 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
- Kolpack, Dave (June 13, 2012). "ND voters dump Fighting Sioux nickname". Minnesota Public Radio News. Retrieved 2012-06-13.