Ralph Pomeroy Buckland
|Ralph Pomeroy Buckland|
|Hon. Ralph Pomeroy Buckland of Ohio|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 9th district
March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1869
|Preceded by||Warren P. Noble|
|Succeeded by||Edward F. Dickinson|
|Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 30th district
January 7, 1856 – January 1, 1860
|Preceded by||A. G. Sutton|
|Succeeded by||F. D. Parish|
January 20, 1812|
|Died||May 27, 1892
|Resting place||Oakwood Cemetery, Fremont|
|Alma mater||Kenyon College|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1862–65|
|Rank||Brevet Major General|
|Unit||Army of the Tennessee|
|Commands||72nd Ohio Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
Ralph Pomeroy Buckland (January 20, 1812 – May 27, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio, as well as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and an executive of the Union Pacific Railroad following the war.
Early life and career
Born in Leyden, Massachusetts Buckland moved with his parents to Ravenna, Ohio, the same year. He attended the country schools, Tallmadge (Ohio) Academy, and Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1837 and commenced practice in Fremont, Ohio. He served as the mayor of Fremont from 1843 to 1845 and was a delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1848. He served as a member of the Ohio State Senate from 1855 to 1859.
Civil War service
With the outbreak of the Civil War, Buckland entered the Union Army as the colonel of the 72nd Ohio Infantry on January 10, 1862. Buckland commanded the Fourth Brigade of the First Division of the Tennessee Army under William T. Sherman in the 5th Division of the Army of the Tennessee at the Battle of Shiloh in April. He was commissioned as a brigadier general of volunteers on November 29, 1862. During the Siege of Vicksburg in the spring and early summer of 1863, Buckland commanded a brigade in Sherman's XV Corps.
He resigned from the army January 6, 1865, and returned to Ohio after winning election to the United States Congress. In the omnibus promotions following the surrender of the Confederate armies, he was brevetted as a major general dating from March 13, 1865.
Buckland was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses (March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1869). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1868 to the Forty-first Congress. He resumed the practice of law and served as delegate to the Philadelphia Loyalists' Convention in 1866 and to the Pittsburgh Soldiers' Convention.
He served as delegate to the 1876 Republican National Convention. He spent his later years involved in the railroad industry, serving as government director of the Union Pacific Railroad from 1877 to 1880. Presidential elector in 1884 for Blaine/Logan.
On December 1, 1879 along with Attorneys E.F. Dickinson, Basil Meek, Homer Everett, William Ross and others, Buckland helped establish the Sandusky County Bar Association, serving as its first president for many years.
- List of American Civil War generals
- List of Ohio's American Civil War generals
- Ohio in the American Civil War
Media related to Ralph P. Buckland at Wikimedia Commons
- Ralph Pomeroy Buckland at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-10-18
- Reid, Whitelaw (1895). "Ralph P. Buckland". Ohio in the War Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers 1. Cincinnati: The Robert Clarke Company. pp. 907–908.
- Taylor, William Alexander; Taylor, Aubrey Clarence (1899). Ohio statesmen and annals of progress: from the year 1788 to the year 1900 ... 2. State of Ohio. p. 106.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.