Ramat Yohanan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ramat Yohanan
Ramat Yohanan is located in Israel
Ramat Yohanan
Ramat Yohanan
Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972Coordinates: 32°47′34.44″N 35°7′16.67″E / 32.7929000°N 35.1212972°E / 32.7929000; 35.1212972
Council Zevulun Regional Council
Region Zevulun
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1932
Founded by Native Jews and American immigrants
Population (2012[1]) 870
Website www.kry.org.il

Ramat Yohanan (Hebrew: רָמַת יוֹחָנָן, lit. Yohanan Heights) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located near Kiryat Ata, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2012 it had a population of 870.[1] It is "next door" to kibbutz Kfar HaMaccabi and kibbutz Usha.

The kibbutz was founded in 1932 on land bought by Yehoshua Hankin from the Lebanese in 1925. The founders were a mix of native Jews and immigrants from the United States. It was named after the South African politician Jan Smuts, who was a prominent supporter of Zionism.

It was the location of the Battle of Ramat Yohanan during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. The Druze regiment of the Arab Liberation Army were confronted by the Haganah soldiers. Having run out of ammunition, the Druze withdrew to their base in Shefa-'Amr with many casualties. As a result of their defeat, many Druze swapped sides in the conflict, and began co-operating with the Haganah.

In 1941, Yitzhak Rabin joined the Palmach section of the Haganah during his stay at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan.

The kibbutz grows produce including mainly avocado, lychee and citrus fruits, raises both meat and dairy cattle, and is the home of a Palram plastics factory.[2] They also produce a small quantity of olive oil and dairy products, much of which is used and sold on the kibbutz. For several years, Ramat Yochanan has run an ulpan program that serves primarily American and Russian students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Palram Global Operations".