Rank and file

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Rank and file may refer to:

  • A military term relating to the horizontal "ranks" (rows) and vertical "files" (columns) of individual foot-soldiers, exclusive of the officers
  • A term derived from the above used to refer to the bulk of lower-ranking troops, as opposed to the officers
  • The individual members of a political organization or labor union, exclusive of its leadership.
  • Rank and file movement, a blanket term for informal, left-leaning, militant groups among British trade unionists, generally strenuously opposed to the union hierarchies and by them, and often facing expulsion
  • Rank and File Movement, a militant movement which grew within the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers in the United States in 1934
  • Rank and File (band), an American post-punk band
  • Terms in chess terminology
  • A variation of Forty Thieves (card game)