Raymond Gastil

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Raymond Duncan Gastil (1931–December 19, 2012) was an American social scientist, best known for evaluating political freedom in the Freedom in the World reports published by Freedom House".[1]


Gastil received his BA (social relations, 1953), MA (Middle Eastern Studies, 1956) and PhD (Social Science, 1959) from Harvard University.[2] He was a Fulbright Scholar in Pakistan (1953-4),[3] and taught anthropology and social science at the University of Oregon.[4] He spent seven years as a researcher at the Hudson Institute, analysing national security and other policy issues,[4] and contributed to the Institute's 1968 book, Can We Win in Vietnam?.[3] In the early 1970s he worked at the Battelle Memorial Institute.[5][6] From 1977 to 1988 he was Director of Freedom House's annual survey.[4][7]


  • (co-editor), Can We Win in Vietnam?, Armbruster et al. (Praeger, 1968).
  • (co-editor), Why ABM?: Policy issues in the missile defense controversy, Holst and Schneider, eds. (Pergamon, 1969).
  • Cultural Regions of the United States, University of Washington Press, 1976
  • Social Humanities: Toward an Integrative Discipline of Science and Values (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1977).
  • (co-editor), Promoting Democracy: Opportunities and Issues, Goldman and Douglas, eds. (Praeger, 1988).
  • (co-editor), Democracy and Development in East Asia: Taiwan, South Korea, and The Philippines, Robinson (ed.) (American Enterprise Institute, 1991).
  • Progress: Critical Thinking About Historical Change (Westport: Praeger, 1993).
  • (with Barnett Singer), The Pacific Northwest: Growth of a Regional Identity, McFarland, 2010


  1. ^ http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=351&ana_page=333&year=2007
  2. ^ Why ABM?:Policy issues in the missile defense controversy, Holst and Schneider, eds. (Pergamon, 1969). p304
  3. ^ a b Can We Win in Vietnam?, Armbruster et al (Praeger, 1968). p425
  4. ^ a b c Gastil (1991, p. 21)
  5. ^ Raymond D. Gastil (1971), "Homicide and a Regional Culture of Violence", American Sociological Review, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Jun., 1971), pp. 412-427
  6. ^ Raymond D. Gastil (1976), "A More Pluralistic Ethic: In Response to DeMarco and Richmond", Worldview, April 1976
  7. ^ Staffan I. Lindberg. Democracy and elections in Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. p171


  • Gastil, Raymond Duncan (1991), "2 The comparative survey of freedom: Experiences and suggestions", in Inkeles, Alex, On measuring democracy: Its consequences and concomitants (second printing, 1993 ed.), New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.A.: Transactions Publishers, pp. 21–46, ISBN 0-88738-881-7