Rhamphorhynchidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rhamphorhynchidae
Temporal range: Early-Late Jurassic, 180–148.5Ma
Rhamphorhynchus muensteri cast.jpg
Fossil specimen of Rhamphorhynchus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Clade: Breviquartossa
Superfamily: Rhamphorhynchoidea
Seeley, 1870
Family: Rhamphorhynchidae
Seeley, 1870
Type species
Pterodactylus longicaudus
Münster, 1839
Subgroups[7]
Synonyms

Scaphognathidae Hooley, 1913

Rhamphorhynchidae is a group of early "rhamphorhynchoid" pterosaurs named after Rhamphorhynchus, that lived in the Late Jurassic. The family Rhamphorhynchidae was named in 1870 by Harry Govier Seeley.[8]

Classification[edit]

The cladogram (family tree) of rhamphorhynchids below is the result of a large phylogenetic analysis published by Andres & Myers in 2013.[7]

 Breviquartossa 
 Rhamphorhynchidae 


Scaphognathus crassirostris



 Rhamphorhynchinae 

Dorygnathus banthensis





Cacibupteryx caribensis



Nesodactylus hesperius



Rhamphorhynchus muensteri





Harpactognathus gentryii




Angustinaripterus longicephalus



Sericipterus wucaiwanensis








References[edit]

  1. ^ Hone, D. W. E.; Tischlinger, H.; Frey, E.; Röper, M. (2012). "A New Non-Pterodactyloid Pterosaur from the Late Jurassic of Southern Germany". In Claessens, Leon. PLoS ONE 7 (7): e39312. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039312. PMC 3390345. PMID 22792168.  edit
  2. ^ Lü, J., Unwin, D.M., Zhao, B., Gao, C. and Shen, C. (2012). "A new rhamphorhynchid (Pterosauria: Rhamphorhynchidae) from the Middle/Upper Jurassic of Qinglong, Hebei Province, China". Zootaxa 3158: 1–19. 
  3. ^ a b Unwin, David M. (2006). The Pterosaurs: From Deep Time. New York: Pi Press. p. 246. ISBN 0-13-146308-X. 
  4. ^ Lü Junchang, Fucha, X. and Chen, J. (2010). "A new scaphognathine pterosaur from the Middle Jurassic of western Liaoning, China." Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 31(2): 263-266.
  5. ^ Xin Cheng, Xiaolin Wang, Shunxing Jiang and Alexander W.A. Kellner (2012). "A new scaphognathid pterosaur from western Liaoning, China". Historical Biology 24. doi:10.1080/08912963.2011.635423. 
  6. ^ Lü Junchang and Bo Xue (2011). "A New Rhamphorhynchid Pterosaur (Pterosauria) from the Middle Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation of Western Liaoning, China". Acta Geologica Sinica 85 (5): 977–983. doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2011.00531.x. 
  7. ^ a b Andres, B.; Myers, T. S. (2013). "Lone Star Pterosaurs". Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: 1. doi:10.1017/S1755691013000303.  edit
  8. ^ Seeley, H.G. (1870). "The Orithosauria: An Elementary Study of the Bones of Pterodactyles." Cambridge, 135 p.