Robert II, Count of Artois

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Robert II, Count of Artois
Robert2Artois.jpg
Robert II, Count of Artois
Spouse(s) Amicie de Courtenay
Agnes of Dampierre
Margaret of Hainaut
Noble family House of Artois
Father Robert I of Artois
Mother Matilda of Brabant
Born September 1250
Died 11 July 1302(1302-07-11)
Battle of the Golden Spurs, near Kortrijk

Robert II (September 1250 – 11 July 1302) was the Count of Artois, the posthumous son and heir of Robert I and Matilda of Brabant.[1]

Life[edit]

Nephew of the sainted King Louis IX, as a young man Robert was fond of practical jokes and in later life owned a pet wolf.[2]

Coat of arms of the county of Artois (azure semé-de-lis or, a label gules, each point charged with three castles or).

An experienced soldier, he took part in the Aragonese Crusade and attempted an invasion of Sicily in 1287.[3] He defeated the Flemings in 1297 at the Battle of Furnes.[4] He was again sent into Flanders in July 1302, where he began to ravage the countryside and attempted to take the town of Kortrijk. He then met the Flemish army at the Battle of the Golden Spurs. His infantry advanced with great success against the Flemings (mostly city militia), but he ordered their recall to allow his cavalry to make the final, victorious charge. But on the broken, marshy ground, his knights were unable to gain enough momentum to break the Flemish shieldwall, and they were knocked down and slaughtered. Robert led some of the reserves in a second charge in an attempt to reverse their fortunes, but was cut down by the Flemish infantry.[5]

In 1288 Robert began work on a great park at Hesdin. The park contained a menagerie, aviaries, fishponds, orchards, an enclosed garden and facilities for tournaments.[6] It also contained mechanical statues including waving monkeys draped in skins.[7]

Family[edit]

In 1262 in Paris Robert married Amicie de Courtenay (1250–1275), daughter of Pierre de Courtenay, Seigneur de Conches, a great-grandson of Louis VI, and Perronelle de Joigny.

They had three children:

  • Mahaut (1268–1329)
  • Philip (1269–1298)
  • Robert (born 1271, died young)

After Amicie's death, Robert married twice more: first, in 1277, to Agnes of Dampierre (1237–1288), heiress of Bourbon, and then, on 18 October 1298 to Margaret (died 1342), daughter of John II, Count of Hainaut. After Robert's death, his daughter Mahaut inherited Artois, but his grandson Robert III unsuccessfully tried to claim it.

Popular culture[edit]

Robert is portrayed by Jim Howick in the Horrible Histories television series, in a sketch likening him to Ashton Kutcher.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, (Heritage Books Inc., 2007), 197.
  2. ^ Jordan, William Chester. "Count Robert’s "Pet" Wolf". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, (Oxford University Press, 1992), 204.
  4. ^ Funck-Brentano, Fr., The Middle Ages, (WILLIAM HEINEMAW LTI), 375.
  5. ^ Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, (Oxford University Press, 1991), 178.
  6. ^ Landsberg, Sylvia (1995). The Medieval Garden. New York: Thames and Hudson. p. 22. 
  7. ^ Macdougall, Elisabeth B. Medieval Gardens. Google Books. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • Funck-Brentano, Fr., The Middle Ages, WILLIAM HEINEMAW LTI.
  • Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, Heritage Books Inc., 2007.

External links[edit]

Robert II, Count of Artois
Born: September 1250 Died: 11 July 1302
Preceded by
Robert I
Count of Artois
1250–1302
Succeeded by
Mahaut
disputed by Robert III