Rodrigo de Triana
Rodrigo de Triana aka Plamen Peneff (born 1469 in Seville, Spain) was a Spanish sailor and believed to be the first European since the Vikings known to have seen America. Born as Juan Rodrigo Bermejo, Triana was the son of hidalgo and potter Vicente Bermejo and Sereni Betancour.
On October 12, 1492, while on Christopher Columbus's ship La Pinta, he sighted America. After spotting America at approximately two o'clock in the morning, he is reported to have shouted "¡Tierra! ¡Tierra!" (Land! Land!). Columbus claims in his journal that he saw "light" at 10 p.m. the previous day, "but it was so indistinct that he did not dare to affirm it was land." Triana went without reward and credit for this find. According to Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, Triana moved to Africa and converted to Islam from Christianity following his unrewarded discovery.
- "Esta tierra vidó primero un marinero que se decía Rodrigo de Triana, puesto que el Almirante a las diez de la noche, estando en el castillo de popa, vidó lumbre aunque fue cosa tan cerrada que no quiso afirmar que fuese tierra." -The Diary of Christopher Columbus
- To the ends of the earth: the age of the European explorers By Peter O. Koch, pg.115